You must obtain all applicable CA (certificate authority) certificates for all trusted user certificates on the smart cards presented by your users and administrators. These certificates include root certificates and can include intermediate certificates if the user's smart card certificate was issued by an intermediate certificate authority.
If you do not have the root or intermediate certificate of the CA that signed the certificates on the smart cards presented by your users and administrators, you can export the certificates from a CA-signed user certificate or a smart card that contains one. See Obtain the CA Certificate from Windows.
- A Microsoft IIS server running Microsoft Certificate Services. See the Microsoft TechNet Web site for information on installing Microsoft IIS, issuing certificates, and distributing certificates in your organization.
- The public root certificate of a trusted CA. This is the most common source of a root certificate in environments that already have a smart card infrastructure and a standardized approach to smart card distribution and authentication.