Before installing VMware Cloud Director Availability, verify that the disaster recovery environment in the cloud site backed by VMware Cloud Director™ satisfies the following requirements for the cloud appliances.
Deployment Types and Hardware Requirements
In all cloud sites backed by VMware Cloud Director, deploy all cloud appliances of VMware Cloud Director Availability by using a single installation OVA file. For information about the cloud appliances location in the disaster recovery infrastructure, see Deployment Architecture in the Cloud.
|Cloud Appliance Type||Description and Services||Hardware Requirements|
|Cloud Replication Management Appliance||
Important: As a provider, before configuring any replications you must add each instance of Cloud Replication Management Appliance for metering in VMware vCloud ® Usage Meter. For information about adding the appliances in vCloud Usage Meter, see vCloud Usage Meter Integration.A dedicated cloud appliance, that runs the following VMware Cloud Director Availability services:
Deploy the Cloud Replication Management Appliance for configuring replications from and to VMware Cloud Director.
|Cloud Replicator Appliance||A dedicated cloud appliance for the Replicator Service that handles the replication traffic for a site. For large-scale environments, you can deploy more than one Cloud Replicator Appliance per cloud site.||
|Cloud Tunnel Appliance||A dedicated cloud appliance for the Tunnel Service.||
|Combined Appliance||An all-in-one cloud appliance deployment type, only suitable for testing and evaluation environments. The Combined Appliance includes all VMware Cloud Director Availability services:
For information about each service, see Services and for the network connectivity between the services, see Network Requirements.
Deploying VMware Cloud Director Availability in a cloud site backed by VMware Cloud Director requires:
- Resource vCenter Server Lookup service
Use the resource
vCenter Server Lookup service instance, when in a single site several
vCenter Server instances are dedicated for different tasks:
- vCenter Server instances dedicated for management operations.
- vCenter Server instances dedicated as VMware Cloud Director resources.
- Availability instances per VMware Cloud Director server group
In each cloud site backed by
VMware Cloud Director, deploy one or more instances of
Cloud Replication Management Appliance per a
VMware Cloud Director server group. The server group in
VMware Cloud Director consists of a
VMware Cloud Director cell and a resource
vCenter Server with at least one
For information about deploying multiple instances, see Deploying Multiple VMware Cloud Director Availability Instances in VMware Cloud Director.
- Certificate of VMware Cloud Director
- VMware Cloud Director Availability verifies the VMware Cloud Director host name in its certificate. The CommonName or at least one of the entries in the Subject Alternative Name must match the VMware Cloud Director FQDN or IP used when registering it in VMware Cloud Director Availability.
- Deactivate vApps discovery and adoption in VMware Cloud Director
- VMware Cloud Director vApps discovery and adoption must not be active. For more information, see Discovering and Adopting vApps in the VMware Cloud Director documentation.
- Dedicated ESXi replication VMkernel interfaces
To isolate the replication data traffic in the
ESXi hosts, dedicate a VMkernel interface for that. By default,
ESXi handles the replication data traffic through its management VMkernel interface. Since one VMkernel adapter must handle one traffic type, separate the management traffic from the replication traffic by creating a dedicated replication VMkernel interface.
In every ESXi host that is used as a replication source or as a replication destination, when creating a VMkernel interface dedicated for the replication traffic, use the following tags:
- For replication sources, to configure each ESXi host for the outgoing replication traffic, select vSphere Replication. For more information, see Set Up a VMkernel Adapter for vSphere Replication Traffic on a Source Host in the vSphere Replication documentation.
- For replication destinations, to configure each ESXi host for the incoming replication traffic, select vSphere Replication NFC.
To keep the replication traffic between the ESXi hosts and the Replicator Service instances in the same broadcast domain, configure the dedicated replication VMkernel interface in its own IP subnet and connect each Replicator Service instance to the same virtual port group. As a result, the uncompressed replication traffic avoids crossing a router and saves network bandwidth.
VMware Cloud Director Availability Storage Requirements
- Example required space in the datastore, for a test failover of a source virtual machine with a 2 TB virtual disk:
- When creating the replication, VMware Cloud Director Availability allocates 2 TB of space in the destination storage.
- When starting a test failover, VMware Cloud Director Availability allocates additional 2 TB, for a total of 4 TB allocated space in the destination storage during the test failover.
- After finishing the test failover cleanup task, the additional 2 TB space is unallocated, remaining with 2 TB allocated space in the destination storage when the test failover completes.
- Example required space by a test failover, for VMware vSAN storage, with the same virtual machine:
The same storage space implication applies - the vSAN must accommodate double the disk size of the virtual machine for a test failover. When creating the replication in this example, VMware Cloud Director Availability allocates 2 TB multiplied by the vSAN_Protection_Level_Disk_Space_Penalty. When starting a test failover, additional 2 TB are allocated multiplied by the vSAN_Protection_Level_Disk_Space_Penalty. For more information, see About vSAN Policies and Planning Capacity in vSAN in the vSphere documentation.
The resource vCenter Server instances within a cloud site backed by VMware Cloud Director must be within the same single sign-on (SSO) domain. All Replicator Service, Manager Service, Cloud Service, and Tunnel Service instances within the respective site must be configured with that same SSO domain. For diagrams showing all services in the cloud site and a diagram showing multiple VMware Cloud Director Availability instances, see Deployment Architecture in the Cloud.