When you change the root password for a VMware Cloud Director appliance, you must also update the appliance certificate private key to use the new password.


  1. Log in directly or by using an SSH client to the VMware Cloud Director appliance console as root.
  2. Run the passwd command and change the password for the root user.
    passwd root
    Note: If the root password is already expired, VMware Cloud Director prompts you to set it the first time when you log in to the VMware Cloud Director appliance console as root.
  3. Run the commands to back up the existing certificate files.
    cp /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.http.pem /tmp/user.http.pem
    cp /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.http.key /tmp/user.http.key
    cp /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.consoleproxy.pem /tmp/user.consoleproxy.pem
    cp /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.consoleproxy.key /tmp/user.consoleproxy.key
  4. To generate new private keys, run the following OpenSSL commands.
    openssl pkcs8 -in /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.http.key -out /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/new.user.http.key -topk8 -passin pass:old_root_password -passout pass:new_root_password
    openssl pkcs8 -in /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.consoleproxy.key -out /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/new.user.consoleproxy.key -topk8 -passin pass:old_root_password -passout pass:new_root_password
  5. Run the following commands to replace the old private key file with the new one.
    mv /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/new.user.http.key /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.http.key
    mv /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/new.user.consoleproxy.key /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.consoleproxy.key
  6. To verify the user and group ownership of the private key files, run the chown command.
    chown vcloud.vcloud /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.http.key
    chown vcloud.vcloud /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.consoleproxy.key
  7. To use the private key's new password, update the VMware Cloud Director server configuration.
    /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/bin/cell-management-tool certificates -j --cert /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.http.pem --key /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.http.key --key-password new_root_password
    /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/bin/cell-management-tool certificates -p --cert /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.consoleproxy.pem --key /opt/vmware/vcloud-director/etc/user.consoleproxy.key --key-password new_root_password

What to do next

Repeat this procedure on each appliance in the cluster.
Important: All appliances must share the same root password. Any newly deployed appliance must use the new root password.