Cloud Foundation is a logical instance of orchestrating, provisioning, and deploying an SDDC. It maps a converged view of physical resources (e.g., CPU, memory, storage, and network) to a logical abstraction. Cloud Foundation overlays a software suite on top of the physical hardware for operations management, event reporting, and auditing. This enables Cloud Foundation to provide consistent hardware management across switches, servers, and storage, as well as a distributed management solution across your SDDC.

Though there is a management software stack on each physical rack, Cloud Foundation's distributed architecture provides the SDDC Manager as a single point-of-control web-based interface for managing infrastructure and deploying workloads.

Figure 1. Multi-Rack Setup

The figure below shows the software components of Cloud Foundation and how they are mapped to the physical hosts and switches in the rack.

Figure 2. Cloud Foundation Software Stack