You use VMware Aria Operations to monitor the state of components in the VMware Cloud Foundation instance. You review collected metrics by using VMware Aria Operations dashboards. You can use the self-monitoring capability of VMware Aria Operations to receive alerts about issues that are related to its operational state. You connect VMware Aria Operations with the management domain and one or more virtual infrastructure (VI) workload domain components of your VMware Cloud Foundation instance by using cloud accounts, adapters, and direct integrations.

In the Cloud-Based Intelligent Operations for VMware Cloud Foundation validated solution, VMware Aria Operations is inetgrated with SDDC Manager to monitor the following platform components:

  • vCenter Server

  • vSAN

  • NSX

  • Cloud proxy appliances

  • Workload domains

VMware Aria Operations Integrations for Cloud-Based Intelligent Operations for VMware Cloud Foundation

To facilitate collecting data from each VMware Cloud Foundation instance, you install and activate additional non-native integrations for VMware Aria Operations.

Integrations

Description

VMware Cloud Foundation

Provides metrics and dashboards for VMware Cloud Foundation, vCenter Server, vSAN, and NSX.

Ping

Provides metrics on the availability of endpoints.

Table 1. Design Decisions on Integrations for Cloud-Based Intelligent Operations

Decision ID

Design Decision

Design Justification

Design Implication

CBO-OPS-CFG-001

Configure the VMware Cloud Foundation integration for each VMware Cloud Foundation instance to enable monitoring in VMware Aria Operations.

By configuring the integration for each VMware Cloud Foundation instance, you can configure cloud accounts and adapter instances for vCenter Server, vSAN, and NSX Local Manager.

  • Dedicated credentials for cloud account connectivity must be manually created before configuring the intergration.

  • You must activate the integration manually.

CBO-OPS-CFG-002

Activate the Ping integration in VMware Aria Operations.

Provides metrics on the availability of endpoints.

You must activate the integration manually.

Cloud Accounts for VMware Aria Operations for Cloud-Based Intelligent Operations for VMware Cloud Foundation

You use cloud accounts to add endpoints as adapter instances in VMware Aria Operations to provide the ability to communicate with them. VMware Aria Operations collects data from the following cloud accounts and data sources:

Cloud Account

Additional Data Source

Description

VMware Cloud Foundation

SDDC Manager

Provides VMware Aria Operations with the ability to communicate with SDDC Manager.

Domains

Displays a list of workload domains managed by an SDDC Manager instance.

vCenter Server

Provides VMware Aria Operations with the ability to communicate with the vCenter Server for a workload domain and to gather metrics.

vSAN

Provides VMware Aria Operations with the ability to gather vSAN metrics from vCenter Server.

NSX

Provides VMware Aria Operations with the ability to gather metrics from NSX Manager for a workload domain.

Service Discovery

Provides VMware Aria Operations with the ability to discover applications, running on virtual machines in vCenter Server.

Table 2. Design Decisions on Cloud Accounts for Cloud-Based Intelligent Operations

Decision ID

Design Decision

Design Justification

Design Implication

CBO-OPS-CFG-003

Configure a VMware Cloud Foundation cloud account for each VMware Cloud Foundation instance with a service account using least-privilege access.

Provides the required access when enabling the VMware Cloud Foundation integration in VMware Aria Operations to collect SDDC Manager metric data.

You must maintain the life cycle, availability, and security controls for the account in Active Directory.

CBO-OPS-CFG-004

Configure a vCenter Server cloud account for each workload domain vCenter Server instance using a dedicated service account with least-privilage access.

Provides the required access when enabling the VMware Cloud Foundation integration in VMware Aria Operations to collect vCenter Server metric data.

You must maintain the life cycle, availability, and security controls for the service account in Active Directory.

CBO-OPS-CFG-005

Enable the vSAN cloud account for each workload domain in the VMware Cloud Foundation instance.

Provides VMware Aria Operations with integration and data collection from all vSAN enabled clusters in the VMware Cloud Foundation instance.

Service account usage across vCenter Server instances expands the risk of losing connectivity from VMware Aria Operations in the event of an account issue.

CBO-OPS-CFG-006

Configure an NSX-T cloud account for each workload domain NSX Local Manager instance using a client certificate credentials with least-privilege access and assign to the collector group.

  • Provides the required access when enabling the VMware Cloud Foundation integration in VMware Aria Operations to collect NSX Manager metric data.

  • Client certificate credentials remove the need to protect and maintain either a local or Active Directory domain account and password.

You must manage the credentials and the life cycle of certificates and their corresponding private keys.

CBO-OPS-CFG-007

Configure a Ping cloud account for the Cloud Proxy appliances and assign to the collector group.

Provides metrics on the availability of the Cloud Proxy appliances.

None.

Cloud Accounts in VMware Aria Operations for Multiple VMware Cloud Foundation Instances

In an environment with multiple VMware Cloud Foundation instances, you add a cloud account for each VMware Cloud Foundation instance.

Table 3. Design Decisions on Cloud Accounts in VMware Aria Operations for Multiple VMware Cloud Foundation Instances

Decision ID

Design Decision

Design Justification

Design Implication

CBO-OPS-CFG-008

In an environment with multiple VMware Cloud Foundation instances, configure an SDDC Manager cloud account for each VMware Cloud Foundation instance using a dedicated service account with least-privilege access and assign to the a cloud proxy collector group.

Provides the VMware Aria Operations integration with and data collection from all SDDC Manager instances.

None.

VMware Aria Operations Metrics for Cloud-Based Intelligent Operations for VMware Cloud Foundation

VMware Aria Operations collects data from objects in your environment. Each piece of collected data is called a metric observation or value. VMware Aria Operations uses adapters and management packs to collect raw metrics. In addition to collecting metrics, VMware Aria Operations calculates capacity metrics, badge metrics, and metrics for monitoring the health of your system.

Table 4. VMware Cloud Foundation Metrics

Type

Description

Self-monitoring metrics for VMware Aria Operations

Collects metrics that monitor its own performance that are useful for diagnosing problems with VMware Aria Operations.

vCenter Server

Collects metrics for vCenter Server components that are useful for troubleshooting issues in your environment.

vSAN

Collects metrics for vSAN objects, such as disk I/O and space utilization.

NSX

Collects metrics for NSX objects, such as Edge Clusters, Tier-0 or Tier-1 gateways, or load balancers.

VMware Aria Operations Alerts for Cloud-Based Intelligent Operations for VMware Cloud Foundation

Alert definitions are a combination of symptoms and recommendations that identify problem areas in VMware Aria Operations and generate alerts which you act on.

VMware Aria Operations provides alert definitions for various objects in your environment through integrations. You can also create your own alert definitions based on metrics and criteria specific to your environment.

Table 5. Design Decisions on VMware Aria Operations Alerts for Cloud-Based Intelligent Operations

Decision ID

Design Decision

Design Justification

Design Implication

CBO-OPS-CFG-009

Define and configure application, virtual machine, and container related alerts.

Alerts can be used to detect and notify administrators about conditions that endanger the operation of individual or groups of workloads running in your environment.

Individual alerts may need to be manually created and maintained.

CBO-OPS-CFG-010

Define and configure virtual infrastructure and ESXi host related alerts.

Alerts can be used to detect and notify administrators about conditions that endanger the operation of your virtual infrastructure as a whole or down to its discrete components.

Individual alerts may need to be manually created and maintained.

CBO-OPS-CFG-011

Define and configure software-defined networking related alerts.

Alerts can be used to detect and notify administrators about conditions that endanger the operation of NSX software-defined networking components.

Individual alerts may need to be manually created and maintained.

CBO-OPS-CFG-012

Define and configure storage related alerts.

Alerts can be used to detect and notify administrators about conditions that endanger the operation of vSAN or disk/file-based storage or individual storage layer components.

Individual alerts may need to be manually created and maintained.