CREATE RESOURCE GROUP

Defines a new resource group.

Synopsis

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP <name> WITH (<group_attribute>=<value> [, ... ])

where group_attribute is one of:

[ CONCURRENCY=<integer> ]
CPU_MAX_PERCENT=<integer> | CPUSET=<coordinator_cores>;<segment_cores>
[ CPU_WEIGHT=<integer> ]
[ MEMORY_LIMIT=<integer> ]
[ MIN_COST=<integer> ]
[ IO_LIMIT=' <tablespace_io_limit_spec> [; ...] ' ]

Where <tablespace_io_limit_spec> is:

<tablespace_name> | <oid> : <io_limit_option_spec> [, ...]

Where <io_limit_option_spec> is:

wbps=<io_limit_option_value>
| rbps=<io_limit_option_value>
| wiops=<io_limit_option_value>
| riops=<io_limit_option_value>

Where <io_limit_option_vlaue> is:

<integer> | max

Description

Creates a new resource group for Greenplum Database resource management. You can create resource groups to manage resources for roles or to manage the resources of a Greenplum Database external component such as PL/Container.

A resource group that you create to manage a user role identifies concurrent transaction, memory, CPU, and disk I/O limits for the role when resource groups are enabled. You may assign such resource groups to one or more roles.

A resource group that you create to manage the resources of a Greenplum Database external component such as PL/Container identifies the CPU limits for the component when resource groups are enabled. These resource groups use cgroups for both CPU management. Assignment of resource groups to external components is component-specific. For example, you assign a PL/Container resource group when you configure a PL/Container runtime. You cannot assign a resource group that you create for external components to a role, nor can you assign a resource group that you create for roles to an external component.

You must have SUPERUSER privileges to create a resource group. The maximum number of resource groups allowed in your Greenplum Database cluster is 100.

Greenplum Database pre-defines three default resource groups: admin_group, default_group, and system_group. These group names, as well as the group name none, are reserved.

To set appropriate limits for resource groups, the Greenplum Database administrator must be familiar with the queries typically run on the system, as well as the users/roles running those queries and the external components they may be using, such as PL/Containers

After creating a resource group for a role, assign the group to one or more roles using the ALTER ROLE or CREATE ROLE commands.

After you create a resource group to manage the CPU resources of an external component, configure the external component to use the resource group. For example, configure the PL/Container runtime resource_group_id.

Parameters

name
The name of the resource group.
CONCURRENCY integer

Optional. The maximum number of concurrent transactions, including active and idle transactions, that are permitted for this resource group. The CONCURRENCY value must be an integer in the range [0 .. max_connections]. The default CONCURRENCY value for resource groups defined for roles is 20.

You must set CONCURRENCY to 0 for resource groups that you create for external components.

Note

You cannot set the CONCURRENCY value for the admin_group to 0.

CPU_MAX_PERCENT integer
Optional. The percentage of the maximum available CPU resources that the resource group can use. The value range is 1-100.
CPU_WEIGHT integer
Optional. The scheduling priority of the current group. The value range is 1-500, the default is `100.
CPUSET <coordinator_cores>;<segment_cores>

CPUSET identifies the CPU cores to reserve for this resource group on the coordinator host and on segment hosts. The CPU cores that you specify must be available in the system and cannot overlap with any CPU cores that you specify for other resource groups.

Note

You must specify either CPU_MAX_PERCENT or CPUSET when you create a resource group, but not both.

Specify cores as a comma-separated list of single core numbers or core number intervals. Define the coordinator host cores first, followed by segment host cores, and separate the two with a semicolon. You must enclose the full core configuration in single quotes. For example, '1;1,3-4' configures core 1 for the coordinator host, and cores 1, 3, and 4 for the segment hosts.

Note

You can configure CPUSET for a resource group only after you have enabled resource group-based resource management for your Greenplum Database cluster.

IO_LIMIT='<tablespace_io_limit_spec> [; ...]'
Optional. The maximum read/write sequential disk I/O throughput, and the maximum read/write I/O operations per second for the queries assigned to a specific resource group.

Where <tablespace_io_limit_spec> is:

<tablespace_name> | <oid> : <io_limit_option_spec> [, ...]

Where <io_limit_option_spec> is:

wbps=<io_limit_option_value>
| rbps=<io_limit_option_value>
| wiops=<io_limit_option_value>
| riops=<io_limit_option_value>

Where <io_limit_option_vlaue> is:

<integer> | max 

When you use this parameter, you may speficy:

  • The tablespace name or the tablespace object ID (OID) you set the limits for. Use * to set limits for all tablespaces.
  • The values for rbps and wbps to limit the maximum read and write sequential disk I/O throughput in the resource group, in MB/S. The default value is max, which means there is no limit.
  • The values for riops and wiops to limit the maximum read and write I/O operations per second in the resource group. The default value is max, which means there is no limit.

If the parameter IO_LIMIT is not set, the default value for rbps, wpbs, riops, and wiopss is set to max, which means that there are no disk I/O limits. In this scenario, the gp_toolkit.gp_resgroup_config system view displays its value as -1.

Note

The parameter IO_LIMIT is only available when you use Linux Control Groups v2. See Configuring and Using Resource Groups for more information.

MEMORY_LIMIT integer

Optional. The maximum available memory, in MB, to reserve for this resource group. This value determines the total amount of memory that all worker processes within a resource group can consume on a segment host during query execution.

The minimum memory quantity you can specify for a resource group is 0. The default value is -1.

When you specify a MEMORY_LIMIT of -1, MEMORY LIMIT takes the value of the statement_mem server configuration parameter.

Note

If the server configuration parameter gp_resgroup_memory_query_fixed_mem is set, its value overrides at the session level the value of MEMORY_LIMIT.

MIN_COST integer
Optional. The limit on the cost of the query plan generated by a query in this resource group. When the query plan cost of the query is less than this value, the query will be unassigned from the resource group to which it belongs.

This means that low-cost queries will execute more quickly, as they are not subject to resource constraints.

The value range is 0-500. The default value is 0, which means that the cost is not used to bypass the query.

Notes

You cannot submit a CREATE RESOURCE GROUP command in an explicit transaction or sub-transaction.

Use the gp_toolkit.gp_resgroup_config system view to display the limit settings of all resource groups:

SELECT * FROM gp_toolkit.gp_resgroup_config;

Examples

Create a resource group with CPU and memory limit of 350 MB:

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP rgroup1 WITH (CPU_MAX_PERCENT=35, MEMORY_LIMIT=350);

Create a resource group with a concurrent transaction limit of 20, a memory limit of 1500 MB, a CPU limit of 25, and disk I/O limits for the pg_default tablespace:

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP rgroup2 WITH (CONCURRENCY=20, 
  MEMORY_LIMIT=1500, CPU_MAX_PERCENT=25,
  IO_LIMIT=’pg_default: wbps=1000, rbps=1000, wiops=100, riops=100’);

Create a resource group with a concurrent transaction limit of 20, a memory limit of 1500 MB, a CPU limit of 25, and disk I/O limits for a tablespace with oid 1663:

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP rgroup2 WITH (CONCURRENCY=20,
  MEMORY_LIMIT=1500, CPU_MAX_PERCENT=25,
  IO_LIMIT=’1663: wbps=1000, rbps=1000, wiops=100, riops=100’);

Create a resource group with a memory limit of 110 MB to which you assign CPU core 1 on the coordinator host, and cores 1 to 3 on segment hosts:

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP rgroup3 WITH (CPUSET='1;1-3', MEMORY_LIMIT=110);

Compatibility

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP is a Greenplum Database extension. There is no provision for resource groups or resource management in the SQL standard.

See Also

ALTER ROLE, CREATE ROLE, ALTER RESOURCE GROUP, DROP RESOURCE GROUP

Parent topic: SQL Commands

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