The pg_type system catalog table stores information about data types. Base types (scalar types) are created with CREATE TYPE, and domains with CREATE DOMAIN. A composite type is automatically created for each table in the database, to represent the row structure of the table. It is also possible to create composite types with CREATE TYPE AS.

column type references description
oid oid Row identifier (hidden attribute; must be explicitly selected)
typname name Data type name
typnamespace oid pg_namespace.oid The OID of the namespace that contains this type
typowner oid pg_authid.oid Owner of the type
typlen smallint For a fixed-size type, typlen is the number of bytes in the internal representation of the type. But for a variable-length type, typlen is negative. -1 indicates a 'varlena' type (one that has a length word), -2 indicates a null-terminated C string.
typbyval boolean Determines whether internal routines pass a value of this type by value or by reference. typbyvalhad better be false if typlen is not 1, 2, or 4 (or 8 on machines where Datum is 8 bytes). Variable-length types are always passed by reference. Note that typbyval can be false even if the length would allow pass-by-value.
typtype char b for a base type, c for a composite type, d for a domain, e for an enum type, p for a pseudo-type, or r for a range type. See also typrelid and typbasetype.
typcategory char Arbitrary classification of data types that is used by the parser to determine which implicit casts should be preferred. See Category Codes.
typispreferred boolean True if the type is a preferred cast target within its typcategory
typisdefined boolean True if the type is defined, false if this is a placeholder entry for a not-yet-defined type. When false, nothing except the type name, namespace, and OID can be relied on.
typdelim char Character that separates two values of this type when parsing array input. Note that the delimiter is associated with the array element data type, not the array data type.
typrelid oid pg_class.oid If this is a composite type (see typtype), then this column points to the pg_class entry that defines the corresponding table. (For a free-standing composite type, the pg_class entry does not really represent a table, but it is needed anyway for the type's pg_attribute entries to link to.) Zero for non-composite types.
typelem oid pg_type.oid If not 0 then it identifies another row in pg_type. The current type can then be subscripted like an array yielding values of type typelem. A "true" array type is variable length (typlen = -1), but some fixed-length (typlen > 0) types also have nonzero typelem, for example name and point. If a fixed-length type has a typelem then its internal representation must be some number of values of the typelem data type with no other data. Variable-length array types have a header defined by the array subroutines.
typarray oid pg_type.oid If not 0, identifies another row in pg_type, which is the "true" array type having this type as its element. Use pg_type.typarray to locate the array type associated with a specific type.
typinput regproc pg_proc.oid Input conversion function (text format)
typoutput regproc pg_proc.oid Output conversion function (text format)
typreceive regproc pg_proc.oid Input conversion function (binary format), or 0 if none
typsend regproc pg_proc.oid Output conversion function (binary format), or 0 if none
typmodin regproc pg_proc.oid Type modifier input function, or 0 if the type does not support modifiers
typmodout regproc pg_proc.oid Type modifier output function, or 0 to use the standard format
typanalyze regproc pg_proc.oid Custom ANALYZE function, or 0 to use the standard function
typalign char The alignment required when storing a value of this type. It applies to storage on disk as well as most representations of the value inside Greenplum Database. When multiple values are stored consecutively, such as in the representation of a complete row on disk, padding is inserted before a datum of this type so that it begins on the specified boundary. The alignment reference is the beginning of the first datum in the sequence. Possible values are:

c = char alignment (no alignment needed).

s = short alignment (2 bytes on most machines).

i = int alignment (4 bytes on most machines).

d = double alignment (8 bytes on many machines, but not all).
typstorage char For varlena types (those with typlen = -1) tells if the type is prepared for toasting and what the default strategy for attributes of this type should be. Possible values are:

p: Value must always be stored plain.

e: Value can be stored in a secondary relation (if relation has one, see pg_class.reltoastrelid).

m: Value can be stored compressed inline.

x: Value can be stored compressed inline or stored in secondary storage.

Note that m columns can also be moved out to secondary storage, but only as a last resort (e and x columns are moved first).
typnotnull boolean Represents a not-null constraint on a type. Used for domains only.
typbasetype oid pg_type.oid Identifies the type that a domain is based on. Zero if this type is not a domain.
typtypmod integer Domains use typtypmod to record the typmod to be applied to their base type (-1 if base type does not use a typmod). -1 if this type is not a domain.
typndims integer The number of array dimensions for a domain over an array (if typbasetype is an array type). Zero for types other than domains over array types.
typcollation oid pg_collation.oid Specifies the collation of the type. Zero if the type does not support collations. The value is DEFAULT_COLLATION_OID for a base type that supports collations. A domain over a collatable type can have some other collation OID if one was specified for the domain.
typdefaultbin pg_node_tree If not null, it is the nodeToString() representation of a default expression for the type. This is only used for domains.
typdefault text Null if the type has no associated default value. If typdefaultbin is not null, typdefault must contain a human-readable version of the default expression represented by typdefaultbin. If typdefaultbin is null and typdefault is not, then typdefault is the external representation of the type's default value, which may be fed to the type's input converter to produce a constant.
typacl aclitem[] Access privileges; see GRANT and REVOKE for details.

The following table lists the system-defined values of typcategory. Any future additions to this list will also be upper-case ASCII letters. All other ASCII characters are reserved for user-defined categories.

Code Category
A Array types
B Boolean types
C Composite types
D Date/time types
E Enum types
G Geometric types
I Network address types
N Numeric types
P Pseudo-types
R Range types
S String types
T Timespan types
U User-defined types
V Bit-string types
X unknown type

Parent topic: System Catalogs Definitions

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