Certain services and tasks in Windows 7, Windows 8/8.1, and Windows 10 can cause linked-clone OS disks to grow incrementally every few hours, even when the linked-clone machines are idle. If you disable these services and tasks, you can control the OS disk growth.
Services that affect OS disk growth also generate IOPS on Windows virtual machines. You can evaluate the benefits of disabling these services on full virtual machines as well as linked clones.
|Service or Task||Description||Default Occurrence or Startup||Impact on Linked-Clone OS Disks||Impact on IOPS||Turn Off This Service or Task?|
|Windows Hibernation||Provides a power- saving state by storing open documents and programs in a file before the computer is powered off. The file is reloaded into memory when the computer is restarted, restoring the state when the hibernation was invoked.||Default power-plan settings disable hibernation.||High.
By default, the size of the hibernation file, hiberfil.sys, is the same as the installed RAM on the virtual machine. This feature affects all guest operating systems.
When hibernation is triggered, the system writes a hiberfil.sys file the size of the installed RAM.
Hibernation provides no benefit in a virtual environment.
For instructions, see Disable Windows Hibernation in the Parent Virtual Machine..
|Windows Scheduled Disk Defragmentation||Disk defragmentation is scheduled as a background process.||Once a week||High.
Repeated defragmentation operations can increase the size of linked-clone OS disks by several GB and do little to make disk access more efficient on linked clones.
|Windows Update Service||Detects, downloads, and installs updates for Windows and other programs.||Automatic startup||Medium to high.
Causes frequent writes to the linked-clones' OS disks because update checks occur often. The impact depends on the updates that are downloaded.
|Medium to high||Yes, if you use View Composer recompose to install Windows updates and refresh to return OS disks to their original snapshots.|
|Windows Diagnostic Policy Service||Detects, troubleshoots, and resolves problems in Windows components. If you stop this service, diagnostics no longer function.||Automatic startup||Medium to high.
The service is triggered on demand. The write frequency varies, depending on demand.
|Small to medium||Yes, if you do not need the diagnostic tools to function on the desktops.|
|Prefetch/Superfetch||Stores specific information about applications that you run to help them start faster.||Always on, unless it is disabled.||Medium
Causes periodic updates to its layout and database information and individual prefetch files, which are generated on demand.
|Medium||Yes, if application startup times are acceptable after you disable this feature.|
|Windows Registry Backup (RegIdleBackup)||Automatically backs up the Windows registry when the system is idle.||Every 10 days at 12:00 am||Medium.
Each time this task runs, it generates registry backup files.
There is no need for Windows Registry Backup. To restore registry data, you can use the View Composer refresh operation.
|System Restore||Reverts the Windows system to a previous, healthy state.||When Windows starts up and once a day thereafter.||Small to medium.
Captures a system restore point whenever the system detects that it is needed. When the linked clone is idle, this overhead is small.
|No major impact.||Yes
Although its impact is small, this task is redundant if you use View Composer refresh to return OS disks to their original snapshots.
|Windows Defender||Provides anti-spyware features.||When Windows starts up. Performs a quick scan once a day. Checks for updates before each scan.||Medium to high.
Performs definition updates, scheduled scans, and scans that are started on demand.
|Medium to high.||Yes, if other anti-spyware software is installed.|
|Microsoft Feeds Synchronization task (msfeedssync.exe)||Periodically updates RSS feeds in Windows Internet Explorer Web browsers. This task updates RSS feeds that have automatic RSS feeds synchronization turned on. The process appears in Windows Task Manager only when Internet Explorer is running.||Once a day.||Medium.
Affects OS-disk growth if persistent disks are not configured. If persistent disks are configured, the impact is diverted to the persistent disks.
|Medium||Yes, if your users do not require automatic RSS feed updates on their desktops.|