You can customize and use the following sample script to join cloned virtual machines (VMs) to an Active Directory (AD) domain.

You need to run this script if you use the Winbind solution for AD integration because the step to join the domain will fail for the cloned VMs. This script runs a command to join the domain on each VM. You do not need to run this script if you use the OpenLDAP solution.

To copy and paste the script content without page breaks, use the HTML version of this topic, available from the Horizon 6 documentation page at https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/view_pubs.html.

Script Input

This script reads one input file, which is described in Input File for the Sample PowerCLI Scripts to Deploy Linux Desktops. This script also interactively asks for the following information:

  • IP address of the vCenter Server

  • Administrator login name for the vCenter Server

  • Administrator password for the vCenter Server

  • Administrator login name for the ESXi host

  • Administrator password for the ESXi host

  • User login name for the Linux VM

  • User password for the Linux VM

  • Login name of an AD user that is authorized to join machines to the domain

  • Password of the authorized AD user

Script Content

<#
.SYNOPSIS
run command "sudo /usr/bin/net ads join"

.DESCRIPTION
The tool is to run the command "sudo /usr/bin/net ads join" to join Linux to AD

.NOTES
#>
#------------------------- Functions -------------------------
function GetInput
{
    Param($prompt, $IsPassword = $false)
    $prompt = $prompt + ": "
    Write-Host $prompt -NoNewLine
    [Console]::ForegroundColor = "Blue"
    if ($IsPassword)
    {
        $input = Read-Host -AsSecureString
        $input = [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStringAuto([Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SecureStringToBSTR($input))
    }
    else
    {
        $input = Read-Host
    }
    
    [Console]::ResetColor()
    return $input
}
#------------------------- Handle input -------------------------
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$vcAddress = GetInput -prompt "Your vCenter address" -IsPassword $false
$vcAdmin = GetInput -prompt "Your vCenter admin user name" -IsPassword $false
$vcPassword = GetInput -prompt "Your vCenter admin user password" -IsPassword $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$hostAdmin = GetInput -prompt 'Your ESXi host admin user name, such as root' -IsPassword $false
$hostPassword = GetInput -prompt "Your ESXi admin user password" -IsPassword $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$guestUser = GetInput -prompt 'Your VM guest OS user name' -IsPassword $false
$guestPassword = GetInput -prompt 'Your VM guest OS user password' -IsPassword $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$adUser = GetInput -prompt 'Type the AD user name to join the AD' -IsPassword $false
""
"`nPlease type the AD user password."
"Plase note that special character in password may not work with the script"
$adUserPassword = GetInput -prompt 'Your AD user password' -IsPassword $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"

#$csvFile = Read-Host 'Csv File '
$csvFile = '.\CloneVMs.csv'

#------------------------- Main Script -------------------------

#Connect to vCenter
#Connect to vCenter
$VC_Conn_State = Connect-VIServer $vcAddress -user $vcAdmin -password $vcPassword
if([string]::IsNullOrEmpty($VC_Conn_State))
{
   Write-Host 'Exit since failed to login vCenter'
   exit
}
else
{
  Write-Host 'vCenter is connected'
}

#Read input CSV file
$csvData = Import-CSV $csvFile

$destFolder = "/home/$guestUser/"

#Handle VMs one by one
foreach ($line in $csvData)
{
    "`n-----------------------------------------------------"
    $VMName = $line.VMName
    write-host -ForeGroundColor Yellow "VM: $VMName`n"
    
    $cmd = "sudo /usr/bin/net ads join -U $adUser%$adUserPassword"
    Write-Host "Run cmd 'sudo /usr/bin/net ads join' in VM '$VMName' with user '$guestUser'"
    Invoke-VMScript  -HostUser $hostAdmin -HostPassword $hostPassword -VM $VMName -GuestUser $guestUser -GuestPassword $guestPassword -Confirm:$false -ScriptType Bash -ScriptText $cmd
}

Disconnect-VIServer $vcAddress -Confirm:$false
exit

Script Execution

The following messages are from an execution of the script:

PowerCLI C:\scripts> .\ClonedVMs_JoinDomain.ps1
--------------------------------------------------
Your vCenter address: 10.117.44.17
Your vCenter admin user name: administrator
Your vCenter admin user password: *******
--------------------------------------------------
Your ESXi host admin user name, such as root: root
Your ESXi host admin user password: *******
--------------------------------------------------
Your VM guest OS user name: ViewUser
Your VM guest OS user password: *******
--------------------------------------------------
Type the AD user name to join the AD: viewadmin
Please type the AD user password.
Please note that special character in password may not work with the script.
Your AD user password: *******