NVIDIA GRID vGPU provides direct access to the physical GPU on an ESXi host—so multiple users can share a single GPU—using native graphics card drivers. Before you attempt to create a desktop pool that has NVIDIA GRID vGPU capabilities, you must perform certain configuration tasks on the virtual machines and ESXi hosts.

This overview is an outline of tasks you must perform in vSphere before you can create or configure desktop pools in View Administrator. For complete information and detailed procedures, see the NVIDIA GRID vGPU Deployment Guide for VMware Horizon 6.1.

  1. Install the graphics card on the ESXi host.

  2. Install the GPU vSphere Installation Bundle (VIB).

  3. Verify that VT-d or AMD IOMMU is enabled on the ESXi host.

  4. Enable GPU device pass-through on the ESXi host.

  5. Add a shared PCI device to the virtual machine and select the appropriate PCI device to enable GPU pass-through on the virtual machine.

    After you add a shared PCI device, you see a list of all supported graphics profile types that are available from the GPU card on the ESXi host.

  6. Reserve all memory when creating the virtual machine.

  7. Configure virtual machine video card 3D capabilities.

  8. Obtain the GPU drivers from the GPU vendor and install the GPU device drivers in the guest operating system of the virtual machine.

  9. Install VMware Tools and Horizon Agent in the guest operating system and reboot.

After you perform these tasks, you must add the virtual machine to a manual pool View desktop pool so that you can access the guest operating system using PCoIP. In a PCoIP session, you can then activate the NVIDIA display adapter in the guest operating system.

At this point, you can configure the virtual machine to be a template or take a snapshot of the virtual machine for use as a base image in a View Composer linked-clone pool. (You must power off the virtual machine before taking the snapshot.) When you use the Add Desktop Pool wizard, after you select the NVIDIA GRID vGPU option for 3D Renderer, only NVIDIA GRID vGPU-enabled ESXi hosts and NVIDIA GRID vGPU-enabled virtual machine templates and snapshots appear for selection in the wizard.