You can use the silent installation feature of the Microsoft Windows Installer (MSI) to install a security server on several Windows computers. In a silent installation, you use the command line and do not have to respond to wizard prompts.
With silent installation, you can efficiently deploy Horizon 7 components in a large enterprise.
- Determine the type of topology to use. For example, determine which load balancing solution to use. Decide if the Connection Server instances that are paired with security servers will be dedicated to users of the external network. For information, see the Horizon 7 Architecture Planning document.
Important: If you use a load balancer, it must have an IP address that does not change. In an IPv4 environment, configure a static IP address. In an IPv6 environment, machines automatically get IP addresses that do not change.
- Verify that your installation satisfies the requirements described in Horizon Connection Server Requirements.
- Prepare your environment for the installation. See Installation Prerequisites for Horizon Connection Server.
- Verify that the Connection Server instance to be paired with the security server is installed and configured and is running a Connection Server version that is compatible with the security server version. See "Horizon 7 Component Compatibility Matrix" in the Horizon 7 Upgrades document.
- Verify that the Connection Server instance to be paired with the security server is accessible to the computer on which you plan to install the security server.
Note: After a Connection Server upgrade to Horizon 7 version 7.5, security servers with IPsec disabled must be reinstalled. If the IP address of a security server changes it must be reinstalled. Security server pairing does not work correctly if the security server is behind Dynamic NAT.
- Configure a security server pairing password. See Configure a Security Server Pairing Password.
- Familiarize yourself with the format of external URLs. See Configuring External URLs for Secure Gateway and Tunnel Connections.
- Verify that Windows Firewall with Advanced Security is set to on in the active profiles. It is recommended that you turn this setting to on for all profiles. By default, IPsec rules govern connections between security server and Connection Server and require Windows Firewall with Advanced Security to be enabled.
- Familiarize yourself with the network ports that must be opened on the Windows Firewall for a security server. See Firewall Rules for Horizon Connection Server.
- If your network topology includes a back-end firewall between the security server and Connection Server, you must configure the firewall to support IPsec. See Configuring a Back-End Firewall to Support IPsec.
- If you are upgrading or reinstalling the security server, verify that the existing IPsec rules for the security server were removed. See Remove IPsec Rules for the Security Server.
- Familiarize yourself with the MSI installer command-line options. See Microsoft Windows Installer Command-Line Options.
- Familiarize yourself with the silent installation properties available with a security server. See Silent Installation Properties for a Security Server.
- If you are installing Horizon 7 in FIPS mode, you must deselect the global setting Use IPSec for Security Server Connections in Horizon Administrator, because in FIPS mode, you must configure IPsec manually after installing a security server.
- Download the Connection Server installer file from the VMware download site at https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/downloads.
Under Desktop & End-User Computing, select the VMware Horizon 7 download, which includes Connection Server.
The installer filename is VMware-viewconnectionserver-x86_64-y.y.y-xxxxxx.exe, where xxxxxx is the build number and y.y.y is the version number.
- Open a command prompt on the Windows Server computer.
- Type the installation command on one line.
VMware-viewconnectionserver-y.y.y-xxxxxx.exe /s /v"/qn VDM_SERVER_INSTANCE_TYPE=3 VDM_SERVER_NAME=cs1.internaldomain.com VDM_SERVER_SS_EXTURL=https://view.companydomain.com:443 VDM_SERVER_SS_PCOIP_IPADDR=10.20.30.40 VDM_SERVER_SS_PCOIP_TCPPORT=4172 VDM_SERVER_SS_PCOIP_UDPPORT=4172 VDM_SERVER_SS_BSG_EXTURL=https://view.companydomain.com:8443 VDM_SERVER_SS_PWD=secret"
The security server services are installed on the Windows Server computer:
- VMware Horizon View Security Server
- VMware Horizon View Framework Component
- VMware Horizon View Security Gateway Component
- VMware Horizon View PCoIP Secure Gateway
- VMware Blast Secure Gateway
For information about these services, see the Horizon 7 Administration document.
The security server appears in the Security Servers pane in Horizon Administrator.
The VMware Horizon View Connection Server (Blast-In) rule is enabled in the Windows Firewall on the security server. This firewall rule allows Web browsers on client devices to use HTML Access to connect to the security server on TCP port 8443.
What to do next
Configure an SSL server certificate for the security server. See Configuring TLS Certificates for Horizon 7 Servers.
You might have to configure client connection settings for the security server, and you can tune Windows Server settings to support a large deployment. See Configuring Horizon Client Connections and Sizing Windows Server Settings to Support Your Deployment.