Tier-1 logical routers have downlink ports to connect to logical switches and uplink ports to connect to tier-0 logical routers.
When you add a logical router, it is important that you plan the networking topology you are building.
For example, this simple topology shows two logical switches connected to a tier-1 logical router. Each logical switch has a single VM connected. The two VMs can be on different hosts or the same host, in different host clusters or in the same host cluster. If a logical router does not separate the VMs, the underlying IP addresses configured on the VMs must be in the same subnet. If a logical router does separate them, the IP addresses on the VMs must be in different subnets.
In some scenarios, external clients send ARP queries for MAC addresses bound to LB VIP ports. However, LB VIP ports do not have MAC addresses and cannot handle such queries. Proxy ARP is implemented on the centralized service ports of a tier-1 logical router to handle ARP queries on behalf of the LB VIP ports.
When a tier-1 logical router is configured with DNAT, Edge firewall, and load balancer, traffic to and from another tier-1 logical router is processed in this order: DNAT first, then Edge firewall, and then load balancer. Traffic within the tier-1 logical router is processed through DNAT first and then load balancer. Edge firewall processing is skipped.
- Load balancing
- Stateful firewall
- VPN (IPsec and L2VPN)