Management Plugin


The RabbitMQ management plugin provides an HTTP-based API for management and monitoring of RabbitMQ nodes and clusters, along with a browser-based UI and a command line tool, rabbitmqadmin.

It periodically collects and aggregates data about many aspects of the system. Those metrics are exposed to human operators in the UI. The API it provides can be used by monitoring systems, however, Prometheus is the recommended option for long term storage, alerting, visualisation, chart analysis and so on.

The plugin also provides tools for analysing memory usage of the node, and other features related to monitoring, metrics, user, permission, and topology management. Previously it also provided definition export and import functionality. Those are now core RabbitMQ features and do not require or rely on this plugin.

This guide covers:

as well as other related topics.

The plugin also provides extension points that other plugins, such as rabbitmq-top or rabbitmq-shovel-management, use to extend the UI.

Management UI and External Monitoring Systems

The management UI and its HTTP API is a built-in monitoring option for RabbitMQ. This is a convenient option for development and in environments where external monitoring is difficult or impossible to introduce.

However, the management UI has a number of limitations:

Long term metric storage and visualisation services such as Prometheus and Grafana or the ELK stack are more suitable options for production systems. They offer:

  • Decoupling of the monitoring system from the system being monitored
  • Lower overhead
  • Long term metric storage
  • Access to additional related metrics such as those of the Erlang runtime ones
  • More powerful and customizable user interface
  • Ease of metric data sharing: both metric state and dashboards
  • Metric access permissions are not specific to RabbitMQ
  • Collection and aggregation of node-specific metrics which is more resilient to individual node failures

RabbitMQ provides first class support for Prometheus and Grafana as of 3.8. It is recommended for production environments.

Getting Started

The management plugin is included in the RabbitMQ distribution. Like any other plugin, it must be enabled before it can be used. That's done using rabbitmq-plugins:

rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

Node restart is not required after plugin activation.

During automated deployments, the plugin can be enabled via enabled plugin file.


Management UI Access

The management UI can be accessed using a Web browser at http://:15672/.

For example, for a node running on a machine with the hostname of warp10.local, it can be accessed by users with sufficient privileges at either http://warp10.local:15672/ or http://localhost:15672/ (provided that localhost resolves correctly).

Note that the UI and HTTP API port — typically 15672 — does not support AMQP 0-9-1, AMQP 1.0, STOMP or MQTT connections. Separate ports should be used by those clients.

Users must be granted permissions for management UI access.

Notable Features

The management UI is implemented as a single page application which relies on the HTTP API. Some of the features include:

  • Declare, list and delete exchanges, queues, bindings, users, virtual hosts and user permissions.
  • Monitor queue length, message rates (globally and per queue, exchange or channel), resource usage of queue, node GC activity, data rates of client connections, and more.
  • Monitor node resource use: sockets and file descriptors, memory usage breakdown, available disk space and bandwidth usage on inter-node communication links.
  • Manage users (provided administrative permissions of the current user).
  • Manage policies and runtime parameters (provided sufficient permissions of the current user).
  • Export schema (vhosts, users, permissions, queues, exchanges, bindings, parameters, policies) and import it on node start. This can be used for recovery purposes or setup automation of new nodes and clusters.
  • Force close client connections, purge queues.
  • Send and receive messages (useful in development environments and for troubleshooting).

The UI application supports recent versions of Google Chrome, Safari, Firefox, and Microsoft Edge browsers.

Management UI Access in Clusters

Any cluster node with rabbitmq_management plugin enabled can be used for management UI access or data collection by monitoring tools. It will reach out to other nodes and collect their stats, then aggregate and return a response to the client.

To access management UI the user has to authenticate and have certain permissions (be authorised). This is covered in the following section.

Access and Permissions

The management UI requires authentication and authorisation, much like RabbitMQ requires it from connecting clients. In addition to successful authentication, management UI access is controlled by user tags. The tags are managed using rabbitmqctl. Newly created users do not have any tags set on them by default.

See Production Checklist for general recommendations on user and credential management.

Tag Capabilities
(None) No access to the management plugin
management Anything the user could do via messaging protocols plus:
  • List virtual hosts to which they can log in via AMQP
  • View all queues, exchanges and bindings in "their" virtual hosts
  • View and close their own channels and connections
  • View "global" statistics covering all their virtual hosts, including activity by other users within them
policymaker Everything "management" can plus:
  • View, create and delete policies and parameters for virtual hosts to which they can log in via AMQP
monitoring Everything "management" can plus:
  • List all virtual hosts, including ones they could not access using messaging protocols
  • View other users's connections and channels
  • View node-level data such as memory use and clustering
  • View truly global statistics for all virtual hosts
administrator Everything "policymaker" and "monitoring" can plus:
  • Create and delete virtual hosts
  • View, create and delete users
  • View, create and delete permissions
  • Close other users's connections

Note that since "administrator" does everything "monitoring" does, and "monitoring" does everything "management" does, each user often needs a maximum of one tag.

Normal RabbitMQ permissions to resources still apply to monitors and administrators; just because a user is a monitor or administrator does not grant them full access to exchanges, queues and bindings through the management plugin or other means.

All users can only list objects within the virtual hosts they have any permissions for.

If access to management UI is impossible to due the lack of users with sufficient permissions or forgotten/incorrect permissions, CLI tools must be used to manage the users and their credentials. rabbitmqctl add_user should be used to create a user, rabbitmqctl set_permissions to grant the user the desired permissions and finally, rabbitmqctl set_user_tags should be used to give the user management UI access permissions.

Command Line Examples

The following example creates a user with complete access to the management UI/HTTP API (as in, all virtual hosts and management features):

# create a user
rabbitmqctl add_user full_access s3crEt
# tag the user with "administrator" for full management UI and HTTP API access
rabbitmqctl set_user_tags full_access administrator

Authenticating with OAuth 2

RabbitMQ can be configured to use JWT-encoded OAuth 2.0 access tokens to authenticate client applications and management UI users. When doing so, the management UI does not automatically redirect users to authenticate against the OAuth 2 server, this must be configured separately. Currently, Authorization code flow with PKCE is tested with the following Authorization servers:

Important: from the OAuth 2.0 point of view, the RabbitMQ Management UI is a public app which means it cannot securely store credentials such as the client_secret. This means that RabbitMQ does not need to present a client_secret when authenticating users.

It is usually possible to configure the OAuth client as a public app with the authorization server that you are using. If target authorization server only supports a confidential app or it requires a client_secret, then a client_secret must be configured using the oauth_client_secret setting.

To redirect users to the UAA server to authenticate, use the following configuration:

management.oauth_enabled = true
management.oauth_client_id = rabbit_user_client
management.oauth_client_secret = rabbit_user_client
management.oauth_provider_url = https://my-uaa-server-host:8443/uaa
management.oauth_scopes = openid profile rabbitmq.*

: UAA supports regular expression in scopes, e.g. rabbitmq.*. The above configuration assumes that the resource_server_id configured in the oauth2 backend matches the value rabbitmq.


: Since RabbitMQ 3.10, RabbitMQ uses authorization_code grant type. implicit flow is deprecated.


: management.oauth_client_secret is an optional setting. UAA 75.21.0 and earlier versions require oauth_client_secret regardless if the oauth client is configured as confidental.

Allow Basic and OAuth 2 authentication

When using management.oauth_enabled = true, it is still possible to authenticate with HTTP basic authentication against the HTTP API. This means both of the following examples will work:

# swap <token> for an actual token
curl -i -u ignored:<token> http://localhost:15672/api/vhosts

as well as

curl -i --header "authorization: Basic <encoded credentials>" http://localhost:15672/api/vhosts

To switch to authenticate using OAuth 2 exclusively for management UI access, set the management.disable_basic_auth configuration key to true:

management.disable_basic_auth = true
management.oauth_client_id = rabbit_user_client
management.oauth_client_secret = rabbit_user_client
management.oauth_provider_url = https://my-uaa-server-host:8443/uaa
management.oauth_scopes = openid profile rabbitmq.*

When setting management.disable_basic_auth to true, only the Bearer (token-based) authorization method will work, for example:

# swap <token> for an actual token
curl -i --header "authorization: Bearer <token>" http://localhost:15672/api/vhosts

This is true for all endpoints except GET /definitions and POST /definitions. Those endpoints require the token to be passed in the token query string parameter.

Configure which scopes RabbitMQ requests to the authorization server

It is possible to configure which OAuth 2.0 scopes RabbitMQ should claim when redirecting the user to the authorization server.

If management.oauth_enabled = true and management.oauth_scopes is not set, RabbitMQ default to openid profile.

Depending on the Authorization server, we may use regular expression in scopes, e.g. <resource_server_id>.*, or instead we have to explicitly ask for them, e.g.:

  • <resource_server_id>.tag:administrator
  • <resource_server_id>.read:*/*/*

Configure OpenID Connect Discovery endpoint

By default, RabbitMQ assumes the OpenID Connect Discovery endpoint is at <management.oauth_provider_url>/.well-known/openid-configuration. If your endpoint differs, you can set yours via the management.oauth_metadata_url setting.

RabbitMQ uses this endpoint to discover other endpoints such as token endpoint, logout endpoint, and others.

Logout workflow

RabbitMQ follows the OpenID Connect RP-Initiated Logout 1.0 specification to implement the logout workflow. This means that the logout workflow is triggered from the Management UI when the user clicks on the Logout button. Logging out from RabbitMQ management UI not only logs the user out from the management UI itself but also from the Identity Provider.

There are other two additional scenarios which can trigger a logout. One scenario occurs when the OAuth Token expires. Although RabbitMQ renews the token in the background before it expires, if the token expires, the user is logged out. The second scenario is when the management UI session exceeds the maximum allowed time configured on the Login Session Timeout.

Special attention to CSP header connect-src

To support the OAuth 2.0 protocol, RabbitMQ makes asynchronous REST calls to the OpenId Connect Discovery endpoint. If you override the default CSP headers, you have to make sure that the connect-src CSP directive whitelists the OpenId Connect Discovery endpoint.

For instance, if you configured the CSP header with the value default-src 'self' you are, by default, setting connect-src 'self' which means you are denying RabbitMQ access to any external endpoint; hence disabling OAuth 2.0.

In addition to the connect-src CSP header, RabbitMQ also needs the CSP directives unsafe-eval unsafe-inline, otherwise the OAuth 2.0 functionality may not work.

Identity-Provider initiated logon

By default, the RabbitMQ Management UI uses the OAuth 2.0 authorization code flow to authenticate and authorize users. However, there are scenarios where users prefer to be automatically redirected to RabbitMQ without getting involved in additional logon flows. By using OAuth2 proxies and web portals, these additional logon flows can be avoided. With a single click, users navigate straight to a RabbitMQ Management UI with a token obtained under the covers. This is known as Identity-Provider initiated logon.

RabbitMQ exposes a new setting called management.oauth_initiated_logon_type whose default value sp_initiated. To enable an Identity-Provider initiated logon you set it to idp_initiated.

management.oauth_enabled = true
management.oauth_initiated_logon_type = idp_initiated
management.oauth_provider_url = https://my-web-portal

With the previous settings, the management UI exposes the HTTP endpoint /login which accepts content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded and it expects the JWT token in the access_token form field. This is the endpoint where the Web portal will redirect users to the management UI. Additionally, RabbitMQ also accepts a JWT token in the HTTP Authorization header when the user lands on the management UI.


API Endpoints

When activated, the management plugin provides an HTTP API at http://server-name:15672/api/ by default. Browse to that location for more information on the API. For convenience the same API reference is available on GitHub.

HTTP API and Monitoring

The API is intended to be used for basic observability tasks. Prometheus and Grafana are recommended for long term metric storage, alerting, anomaly detection, and so on.

Any cluster node with rabbitmq-management plugin enabled can be used for management UI access or HTTP API access. It will reach out to other nodes and collect their stats, then aggregate and return a response to the client.

When using the API in a cluster of nodes, there is no need to contact each node via HTTP API individually. Instead, contact a random node or a load balancer that sits in front of the cluster.

HTTP API Clients and Tooling

rabbitmqadmin is a Python command line tool that interacts with the HTTP API. It can be downloaded from any RabbitMQ node that has the management plugin enabled at http://:15672/cli/.

For HTTP API clients in several languages, see Developer Tools.

Some API endpoints return a lot of information. The volume can be reduced by filtering what columns are returned by HTTP GET requests. See latest HTTP API documentation for details.

Using a Reverse Proxy in front of the HTTP API

It may be necessary to put a reverse proxy in front of a RabbitMQ cluster. Reverse proxy setup for RabbitMQ may require careful handling of encoded slashes in paths if default virtual host (/) is used.

If default virtual host is not used, the additional settings to support encoded URIs will not be necessary. In other words, both Nginx and Apache configuration will require the standard minimum for any HTTP-based service.


If RabbitMQ HTTP API access is configured for the root location (/), the location must not have a slash at the end:

# trailing slash in the location must be omitted only if default RabbitMQ virtual host is used
location / {
    proxy_pass http://rabbitmq-host:15672;

If a different location will be used to proxy requests to the HTTP API, a URI rewrite rule must be used:

# these rewrites are only if default RabbitMQ virtual host is used
location ~* /rabbitmq/api/(.*?)/(.*) {
    proxy_pass http://rabbitmq-host:15672/api/$1/%2F/$2?$query_string;

location ~* /rabbitmq/(.*) {
    rewrite ^/rabbitmq/(.*)$ /$1 break;
    proxy_pass http://rabbitmq-host:15672;


To support encoded slashes in URIs, Apache requires users to explicitly enable AllowEncodedSlashes.

# required only if default RabbitMQ virtual host is used
AllowEncodedSlashes On

for the Apache virtual host. Apache needs both mod_proxy and mod_proxy_http enabled. The location also needs a nocanon setting:

ProxyPassReverse / http://rabbitmq-host:15672/
# "nocanon" is required only if default RabbitMQ virtual host is used
ProxyPass / http://rabbitmq-host:15672/ nocanon


There are several configuration options which affect the management plugin. These are managed through the main RabbitMQ configuration file.

It is possible to configure HTTP API and management UI to use a different port or network interface, enable HTTPS and so on.

While rarely needed, it is possible to configure multiple listeners (ports), e.g. to both enable HTTPS and retain support for clients that can only use HTTP (without TLS).


The port is configured using the management.tcp.port key:

management.tcp.port = 15672

It is possible to configure what interface the API endpoint will use, similarly to messaging protocol listeners, using the management.tcp.ip key:

management.tcp.ip =

To check what interface and port is used by a running node, use rabbitmq-diagnostics:

rabbitmq-diagnostics -s listeners
# => Interface: [::], port: 15672, protocol: http, purpose: HTTP API
# => Interface: [::], port: 15671, protocol: https, purpose: HTTP API over TLS (HTTPS)

or tools such as lsof, ss or netstat.


The management plugin can be configured to use HTTPS. See the guide on TLS to learn more about certificate authorities, certificates and private key files.

management.ssl.port       = 15671
management.ssl.cacertfile = /path/to/ca_certificate.pem
management.ssl.certfile   = /path/to/server_certificate.pem
management.ssl.keyfile    = /path/to/server_key.pem
## This key must only be used if private key is password protected
# management.ssl.password   = bunnies

More TLS options can be configured for the HTTPS listener.

management.ssl.port       = 15671
management.ssl.cacertfile = /path/to/ca_certificate.pem
management.ssl.certfile   = /path/to/server_certificate.pem
management.ssl.keyfile    = /path/to/server_key.pem
## This key must only be used if private key is password protected
# management.ssl.password   = bunnies

# For RabbitMQ 3.7.10 and later versions
management.ssl.honor_cipher_order   = true
management.ssl.honor_ecc_order      = true
management.ssl.client_renegotiation = false
management.ssl.secure_renegotiate   = true

management.ssl.versions.1 = tlsv1.2
management.ssl.versions.2 = tlsv1.1

management.ssl.ciphers.1 = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
management.ssl.ciphers.2 = ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
management.ssl.ciphers.3 = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384
management.ssl.ciphers.4 = ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384
management.ssl.ciphers.5 = ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
management.ssl.ciphers.6 = ECDH-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
management.ssl.ciphers.7 = ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384
management.ssl.ciphers.8 = ECDH-RSA-AES256-SHA384
management.ssl.ciphers.9 = DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384

## Usually RabbitMQ nodes do not perform peer verification of HTTP API clients
## but it can be enabled if needed. Clients then will have to be configured with
## a certificate and private key pair.
## See for details.
# management.ssl.verify = verify_peer
# management.ssl.fail_if_no_peer_cert = true

The above example in the classic config format:

   {listener, [{port,     15671},
               {ssl,      true},
               {ssl_opts, [{cacertfile, "/path/to/ca_certificate.pem"},
                           {certfile,   "/path/to/server_certificate.pem"},
                           {keyfile,    "/path/to/server_key.pem"},

                           %% don't do peer verification to HTTPS clients
                           {verify,               verify_none},
                           {fail_if_no_peer_cert, false},

                           {client_renegotiation, false},
                           {secure_renegotiate,   true},
                           {honor_ecc_order,      true},
                           {honor_cipher_order,   true},

                           {versions,['tlsv1.1', 'tlsv1.2']},
                           {ciphers, ["ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384",

Using HTTP and HTTPS Together

It is possible to use both HTTP and HTTPS on different ports:

management.tcp.port       = 15672

management.ssl.port       = 15671
management.ssl.cacertfile = /path/to/ca_certificate.pem
management.ssl.certfile   = /path/to/server_certificate.pem
management.ssl.keyfile    = /path/to/server_key.pem

The same configuration keys can be used to configure a single listener (just HTTP or HTTPS) and match those used by the Web STOMP and Web MQTT.

Advanced HTTP Options

Cowboy, the embedded Web server used by the management plugin, provides a number of options that can be used to customize the behavior of the server. Most of the options were introduced in RabbitMQ 3.7.9.

Response Compression

Response compression is enabled by default. To enable it explicitly, use management.tcp.compress:

# For RabbitMQ 3.7.9 and later versions
management.tcp.compress = true

Client Inactivity Timeouts

Some HTTP API endpoints respond quickly, others may need to return or stream a sizeable data set to the client (e.g. many thousands of connections) or perform an operation that takes time proportionally to the input (e.g. import a large definitions file). In those cases the amount of time it takes to process the request can exceed certain timeouts in the Web server as well as HTTP client.

It is possible to bump Cowboy timeouts using the management.tcp.idle_timeout, management.tcp.inactivity_timeout, management.tcp.request_timeout options.

  • management.tcp.inactivity_timeout controls HTTP(S) client's TCP connection inactivity timeout. When it is reached, the connection will be closed by the HTTP server.
  • management.tcp.request_timeout controls the window of time in which the client has to send an HTTP request.
  • management.tcp.idle_timeout controls the window of time in which the client has to send more data (if any) within the context of an HTTP request.

If a load balancer or proxy is used between HTTP clients and the management HTTP server, the inactivity_timeout and idle_timeout values should be at least as large, and often greater than, the timeout and inactivity values used by the load balancer.

Here are some example configuration snippets that modify the timeouts:

# For RabbitMQ 3.7.9 and later versions.
# Configures HTTP (non-encrypted) listener timeouts
management.tcp.idle_timeout       = 120000
management.tcp.inactivity_timeout = 120000
management.tcp.request_timeout    = 10000
# For RabbitMQ 3.7.9 and later versions.
# Configures HTTPS (TLS-enabled) listener timeouts
management.ssl.idle_timeout       = 120000
management.ssl.inactivity_timeout = 120000
management.ssl.request_timeout    = 10000

All values are in milliseconds. Their defaults vary:

  • management.tcp.inactivity_timeout has the default of 300 seconds
  • management.tcp.request_timeout has the default of 60 seconds
  • management.tcp.idle_timeout has the default of 5 seconds

It is recommended that if the inactivity or idle timeout need changing, management.tcp.inactivity_timeout value should match or be greater than that of management.tcp.idle_timeout.

management.tcp.request_timeout typically does not need increasing as clients send a request shortly after establishing a TCP connection.

HTTP Request Logging

To create simple access logs of requests to the HTTP API, set the value of the management.http_log_dir key to the path of a directory in which logs can be created:

management.http_log_dir = /path/to/folder

For the change to have an effect, restart the plugin or the node.

Statistics Interval

By default the server will emit statistics events every 5 seconds (5000 ms). The message rate values shown in the management plugin are calculated over this period.

Increasing this value will reduce CPU resource consumption of stats collection in environments with a large number of stats emitting entities such as connections, channels, queues.

In order to do so, set the value of the collect_statistics_interval configuration key to the desired interval in milliseconds and restart the node:

# 15s
collect_statistics_interval = 15000

Message Rates

The management plugin by default shows message rates globally, and for each queue, channel, exchange, and vhost. These are known as the basic message rates.

It can also show message rates for all the combinations of channel to exchange, exchange to queue, and queue to channel. These are known as detailed message rates. Detailed message rates are disabled by default as they can have a large memory footprint when there are a large number of combinations of channels, queues and exchanges.

Alternatively, the message rates can be disabled altogether. This can help get reduce CPU resource consumption of the plugin.

The message rate mode is controlled by the management.rates_mode configuration key:

# supported values: basic, detailed, none
management.rates_mode = basic

Supported values are basic (the default), detailed, and none.

Sample (Data Point) Retention

The management plugin will retain samples of some data such as message rates and queue lengths. Depending on how long the data is retained, some time range options on UI charts may be incomplete or unavailable.

There are three policies:

  • global: how long to retain data for the overview and virtual host pages
  • basic: how long to retain data for individual connections, channels, exchanges and queues
  • detailed: how long to retain data for message rates between pairs of connections, channels, exchanges and queues (as shown under "Message rates breakdown")

Below is a configuration example:  = 5    = 60 = 1200

management.sample_retention_policies.basic.minute = 5
management.sample_retention_policies.basic.hour   = 60

management.sample_retention_policies.detailed.10 = 5

The configuration in the example above retains global data at a 5 second resolution (sampling happens every 5 seconds) for a minute, then at a 1 minute (60 second) resolution for 1 hour, then at a 20 minute resolution for one day. It retains basic data at a 5 second resolution for 1 minute, at a 1 minute (60 second) resolution for 1 hour, and detailed data only for 10 seconds.

All three policies are mandatory, and must contain at least one retention setting (period).

Disable Statistics and Metric Collection

It is possible to disable the statistics in the UI and HTTP API in order for these to be used only for operations. This can be a useful feature if external monitoring solutions such as Prometheus and Grafana are being used. If statistics are disabled in any of the following ways, all charts and detailed statistics will be hidden in the UI.

In order to completely disable the internal metrics collection, the disable_metrics_collector flag must be set in the rabbitmq_management_agent plugin. The Prometheus plugin will still work even if collection is disabled.

management_agent.disable_metrics_collector = true

Disabling the metrics collection is the preferred option if it is being used with an external monitoring system, as this reduced the overhead that statistics collection and aggregation causes in the broker. If the statistics are only temporary disabled, or are not required in some HTTP API queries, the aggregation of the stats can be disabled in the rabbitmq_management plugin. The disable flag can be also passed as part of the query string in the URI.

As at the moment the Prometheus plugin cannot report individual queue totals, there is a configuration option that allows to list messages, messages_ready and messages_unacknowledged in the queues endpoint.

Below is a configuration example that disables the statistics but returns individual queue totals in the queues page:

management.disable_stats = true
management.enable_queue_totals = true

Content Security Policy (CSP)

It is possible to configure what CSP header value is used by HTTP API responses. The default value is script-src 'self' 'unsafe-eval' 'unsafe-inline'; object-src 'self':

management.csp.policy = script-src 'self' 'unsafe-eval' 'unsafe-inline'; object-src 'self'

The value can be any valid CSP header string:

management.csp.policy = default-src https://rabbitmq.eng.example.local

Wildcards are also allowed:

management.csp.policy = default-src 'self' *.eng.example.local

A CSP policy frame-ancestors directive can be used to prevent frame embedding of the management UI, mitigating certain types of cross-frame scripting attacks:

# prohibits iframe embedding of the UI
management.csp.policy = frame-ancestors 'none'

Strict Transport Security (HSTS)

It is possible to configure what Strict Transport Security header value is used by HTTP API responses:

management.hsts.policy = max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains

Cross-origin Resource Sharing (CORS)

The management UI application will by default refuse access to websites hosted on origins different from its own using the Cross-Origin Resource Sharing mechanism, also known as CORS. It is possible to white list origins:

management.cors.allow_origins.1 =
management.cors.allow_origins.2 =

It is possible to allow any origin to use the API using a wildcard. This is highly discouraged for deployments where the UI application may be exposed to the public.

management.cors.allow_origins.1 = *

The CORS pre-flight requests are cached by the browser. The management plugin defines a timeout of 30 minutes by default. The value can be changed. It is configured in seconds:

management.cors.allow_origins.1 =
management.cors.allow_origins.2 =
management.cors.max_age         = 3600

It is possible to set a few more security-related headers for management UI and HTTP API responses. Note that some of them have been superseded by CORS and other newer development in the browser security space.

The supported headers are:

management.headers.content_type_options = nosniff
management.headers.xss_protection = 1; mode=block
management.headers.frame_options = DENY

They can be combined with the aforementioned CORS, HSTS, CSP headers:

management.hsts.policy = max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains
management.csp.policy = default-src 'self'; script-src 'self' 'unsafe-eval'

management.headers.content_type_options = nosniff
management.headers.xss_protection = 1; mode=block
management.headers.frame_options = DENY

Login Session Timeout

After the user logs in, the user's web UI login session will expire after 8 hours by default. It is possible to configure a different timeout using the login_session_timeout setting.

The value should be an integer: it controls the length of login session in minutes. When the time is up, the user will be signed out.

The following example sets the session timeout to 1 hour:

management.login_session_timeout = 60

Path Prefix

Some environments require the use of a custom prefix for all HTTP requests to the management plugin. The management.path_prefix setting allows an arbitrary prefix to be set for all HTTP request handlers in the management plugin.

Setting management.path_prefix to /my-prefix specifies all API requests to use the URI host:port/my-prefix/api/[...]

The management UI login page will have the URI host:port/my-prefix/ - note that the trailing slash is required in this case.

management.path_prefix = /my-prefix


An example configuration file for RabbitMQ that switches on request logging, increases the statistics interval to 10 seconds and explicitly sets some other relevant parameters to their default values, would look like this:

listeners.tcp.default = 5672

collect_statistics_interval = 10000

## Note: this uses the core `load_definitions` key over
## now deprecated `management.load_definitions`
# load_definitions = /path/to/exported/definitions.json

management.tcp.port = 15672
management.tcp.ip   =

management.ssl.port       = 15671
management.ssl.ip         =
management.ssl.cacertfile = /path/to/ca_certificate.pem
management.ssl.certfile   = /path/to/server_certificate.pem
management.ssl.keyfile    = /path/to/server_key.pem

management.http_log_dir = /path/to/rabbit/logs/http

management.rates_mode = basic

# Configure how long aggregated data (such as message rates and queue
# lengths) is retained.
# Your can use 'minute', 'hour' and 'day' keys or integer key (in seconds)    = 5  = 60 = 1200

management.sample_retention_policies.basic.minute   = 5
management.sample_retention_policies.basic.hour = 60

management.sample_retention_policies.detailed.10 = 5

Loading Definitions (Schema) at Startup

Nodes and clusters store information that can be thought of schema, metadata or topology. Users, vhosts, queues, exchanges, bindings, runtime parameters all fall into this category.

Definitions can be exported and imported via the rabbitmqctl or the HTTP API provided by this plugin, including rabbitmqadmin.

Please refer to the Definitions guide.

Metrics Collection and HTTP API in Clusters

Client Requests

The management plugin is aware of clusters. It can be enabled on one or more nodes in a cluster, and see information pertaining to the entire cluster no matter which node you connect to.

Running Management Plugin on a Subset of Nodes

It is possible to deploy management plugin only on a subset of cluster nodes. In that case only the nodes running the plugin would be able to serve client HTTP API requests. For every cluster node to have its metrics collected, it is still required that the rabbitmq-management-agent plugin is enabled on each node, otherwise the metrics from the node won't be available.

Aggregation Queries in Clusters

In cluster, HTTP API performs cluster-wide queries when handling client requests, which means it can be affected by network partitions, network slowdowns, and unresponsive nodes.

Timeouts for inter-node aggregation queries are controlled via the net tick mechanism. Lowering the value may help reduce the delay introduced by nodes that have recently become unresponsive. Values lower than 10s can produce false positives and must be avoided.

In contrast to the HTTP API, the Prometheus monitoring endpoint only serves node-local data and is generally not affected by failures or unavailability of other nodes in the cluster.

(Reverse HTTP) Proxy Setup

It is possible to make the web UI available via any proxy that conforms with RFC 1738. The following sample Apache configuration illustrates the minimum necessary directives to coax Apache into conformance. It assumes a management web UI on the default port of 15672:

AllowEncodedSlashes      NoDecode
ProxyPass         "/api" http://localhost:15672/api nocanon
ProxyPass         "/"    http://localhost:15672/
ProxyPassReverse  "/"    http://localhost:15672/

Restarting Statistics Database

Statistics database is stored entirely in memory. All of its contents is transient and should be treated as such.

In modern versions, ach node has its own statistics database containing a fraction of stats recorded on this node.

It is possible to restart the stats database on a given node using rabbitmqctl or an HTTP API endpoint:

DELETE /api/reset/:node
rabbitmqctl eval 'rabbit_mgmt_storage:reset().'

To reset the entire statistics database on all nodes, use

DELETE /api/reset
rabbitmqctl eval 'rabbit_mgmt_storage:reset_all().'

Memory Usage Analysis and Memory Management

Management UI can be used to inspect node's memory use, including displaying a per-category breakdown. See the Memory Use Analysis guide for details.

Management database builds around periodically emitted stats, regulated by the statistics interval described above, or when certain components are created/declared (e.g. a new connection or channel is opened, or a queue declared) or closed/deleted. Message rates do not directly affect management database memory usage.

Total amount of memory consumed by the stats database depends on the topology size (e.g. the number of queues), number of concurrent connections and channels, event emission interval, effective rates mode and retention policies.

Entities that emit stats (connections, channels, queues, nodes) do so periodically. The interval can be configured using the collect_statistics_interval key:

# sets the interval to 30 seconds
collect_statistics_interval = 30000

Increasing the interval value to 30-60s will reduce CPU footprint and peak memory consumption for systems with large amounts of connections, channels and queues. This comes with a downside: metrics of said entities will refresh every 30-60 seconds. This can be perfectly reasonable in an externally monitored production system but will make management UI less convenient to use for operators.

The memory usage of the channel and stats collector processes can be limited by setting the maximum backlog queue size using the parameter stats_event_max_backlog. If the backlog queue is full, new channel and queue stats will be dropped until the previous ones have been processed.

The statistics interval can also be changed at runtime. Doing so will have no effect on existing connections, channels or queues. Only new stats emitting entities are affected.

rabbitmqctl eval 'application:set_env(rabbit, collect_statistics_interval, 60000).'

The statistics database can be restarted (see above) and thus forced to release all memory. Management UI's Overview page contains buttons that reset stats database for individual nodes as well as all nodes in the cluster.

Publishing and Consuming over HTTP API

It is possible to publish and consume messages using the HTTP API. This way of messaging is discouraged: prefer one of the binary messaging protocols supported by RabbitMQ. Publishing and consuming that way will be significantly more efficient and will provide access to various messaging protocol features such as confirmations.

Publishing over HTTP API can be useful in environments where long lived messaging protocol connections is not an option.

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