This section covers the performance and scale architecture of the VMware SD-WAN Edge. It provides recommendations based on tests conducted on the various Edges configured with specific service combinations. It also explains performance and scale data points and how to use them.

Introduction

The tests represent common deployment scenarios to provide recommendations that apply to most deployments. The test data herein are not all-inclusive metrics, nor are they performance or scale limits. There are implementations where the observed performance exceeds the test results and others where specific services, extremely small packet sizes, or other factors can reduce performance below the test results.

Customers are welcome to perform independent tests, and results could vary. However, recommendations based on our test results are adequate for most deployments.

VMware SD-WAN Edge

VMware SD-WAN Edges are zero-touch, enterprise-class appliances that provide secure optimized connectivity to private, public, and hybrid applications as well as compute and virtualized services. VMware SD-WAN Edges perform deep application recognition of traffic flows, performance metrics measurements of underlay transport and apply end-to-end quality of service by applying packet-based link steering and on-demand application remediation, in addition to supporting other virtualized network services.

Throughput Performance Test Topologies

Figure 1. FIGURE 1: Throughput performance test topology for devices 1 Gbps or lower
Figure 2. FIGURE 2: Throughput performance test topology for devices above 1 Gbps

Test Methodology

This subsection details the performance and scale test methodology used to derive the results.

Performance Test Methodology

The testing methodology for Edges uses the industry benchmarking standard RFC 2544 as a framework to execute throughput performance testing. There are specific changes to the type of traffic used and configurations set during testing, described below:

  1. Performance is measured using a fully operational SD-WAN network overlay (DMPO tunnels) test topology in order to exercise the SD-WAN features and obtain results that can be used to appropriately size WAN networks. Testing is conducted using stateful traffic that establishes multiple flows (connections) and are a mix of well-known applications. The number of flows depends on the platform model being tested. Platforms are divided by expected aggregate performance of under 1 Gbps and over 1 Gbps models. Typically, hundreds of flows are needed to fully exercise and determine max throughput of platforms expected to perform under 1 Gbps, and thousands of flows are used to exercise platforms of over 1 Gbps.

    The traffic profiles simulate two network traffic conditions:

    • Large Packet, a 1300-byte condition.
    • IMIX, a mix of packet sizes that average to a 417-byte condition.

    These traffic profiles are used separately to measure maximum throughput per profile.

  2. Performance results are recorded at a packet drop rate (PDR) of 0.01%. The PDR mark provides a more realistic performance result which accounts for normal packet drop that may occur within the SD-WAN packet pipeline in the device. A PDR of 0.01% does not impact application experience even in single link deployment scenarios.
    • The device under test is configured with the following DMPO features; IPsec encrypted using AES-128 and SHA1 for hashing, Application Recognition, link SLA measurements, per-packet forwarding. Business Policy is configured to match all traffic as bulk/low priority to prevent DMPO NACK or FEC from executing and incorrectly altering the traffic generator’s packet count tracking.

Test Results

VMware SD-WAN Edge Performance and Scale Results

Performance metrics are based on the Test Methodology detailed above.

Switched Port Performance: VMware SD-WAN Edges are designed to be deployed as gateway routers between the LAN and the WAN. However, the Edges also provide the flexibility of meeting a variety of other deployment topologies. For example, SD-WAN Edges can have their interfaces configured to operate as switched ports—allowing the switching of LAN traffic between various LAN interfaces without the need for an external device.

An Edge with its interfaces configured as switched ports is ideal for small office deployments where high throughput is not required, as the additional layer of complexity required to handle traffic switching reduces the overall performance of the system. For most deployments, VMware recommends using all routed interfaces.

Note:
  • The Edge device's Maximum Throughput is the sum of throughput across all interfaces of the Edge under test.
  • Overall traffic is the “aggregate” of all traffic flows going to and from an Edge device.
Table 1. Physical Edge Appliances
VMware SD-WAN Edge 510, 510N 510-LTE 520 520V 540 610, 610C, 610N 610-LTE 620, 620C, 620N
Max. Throughput Large Packet (1300-byte)
Routed Mode All Ports 350 Mbps 350 Mbps 350 Mbps 350 Mbps 1 Gbps 350 Mbps 350 Mbps 1.5 Gbps
Switched Mode All Ports 200 Mbps 200 Mbps 200 Mbps 200 Mbps 650 Mbps 300 Mbps 300 Mbps 700 Mbps
Max. Throughput Internet Traffic (IMIX)
Routed Mode All Ports 200 Mbps 200 Mbps 200 Mbps 200 Mbps 500 Mbps 200 Mbps 200 Mbps 750 Mbps
Switched Mode All Ports 80 Mbps 80 Mbps 80 Mbps 80 Mbps 200 Mbps 150 Mbps 150 Mbps 250 Mbps
Other Scale Vectors
Max. Tunnel Scale 50 50 50 50 100 50 50 100
Flows Per Second 2,400 2,400 2,400 2,400 4,800 2,400 2,400 4,800
Max. Concurrent Flows 240K 240K 240K 240K 480K 240K 240K 480K
Max. Number of Routes 100K 100K 100K 100K 100K 100K 100K 100K
Max. Number of Segments 128 128 128 128 128 128 128 128
Max. Number of NAT Entries 80K 80K 80K 80K 150K 80K 80K 150K
Table 2.
VMware SD-WAN Edge 640, 640C, 640N 680, 680C, 680N 840 2000 3400, 3400C 3800, 3800C 3810
Max. Throughput Large Packet (1300-byte)
Routed Mode All Ports 3 Gbps 6 Gbps 4 Gbps 10 Gbps 7 Gbps 10 Gbps 10 Gbps
Switched Mode All Ports 1 Gbps 1 Gbps 1 Gbps 1.2 Gbps 1.2 Gbps 1.2 Gbps 1.2 Gbps
Max. Throughput Internet Traffic (IMIX)
Routed Mode All Ports 1 Gbps 2 Gbps 1.5 Gbps 5 Gbps 2.5 Gbps 5 Gbps 5 Gbps
Switched Mode All Ports 350 Mbps 350 Mbps 350 Mbps 350 Mbps 900 Mbps 900 Mbps 900 Mbps
Other Scale Vectors
Max. Tunnel Scale 400 800 400 6,000 4,000 6,000 6,000
Flows Per Second 19,200 19,200 19,200 38,400 38,400 38,400 38,400
Max. Concurrent Flows 1.9M 1.9M 1.9M 1.9M 1.9M 1.9M 1.9M
Max. Number of Routes 100K 100K 100K 100K 100K 100K 100K
Max. Number of Segments 128 128 128 128 128 128 128
Max. Number of NAT Entries 650K 650K 650K 960K 960K 960K 960K
  • Large Packet performance is based on a large packet (1300-byte) payload with AES-128 encryption and DPI turned on.
  • Internet Traffic (IMIX) performance is based on an average packet size of 417-byte payload with AES-128 encryption and DPI turned on.
Note: Multiple SD-WAN Edges can be deployed in a cluster for multi-gigabit performance.
Table 3. Edge Maximum Throughput When a Firewall VNF is Actively Service Chained:
Edge Model 520V 620, 620C, 620N 640, 640C, 640N 680, 680C, 680N 840 3400, 3400C 3800, 3800C 3810
Max. Throughput With FW VNF (1300-byte) 100 Mbps 300 Mbps 600 Mbps 1 Gbps 1 Gbps 2 Gbps 3 Gbps 3 Gbps
Table 4. Enhanced High-Availability (HA) Link Peformance
Edge Model 510, 510N 510-LTE 520, 520v 610, 610C, 610N 610-LTE 620, 620C, 620N
Maximum Throughput (IMIX) Across Enhanced HA Link 90 Mbps 90 Mbps 100 Mbps 200 Mbps 200 Mbps 500 Mbps
Edge Model 640, 640C, 640N 680, 680C, 680N 840 2000 3400, 3400C 3800, 3800C 3810
Maximum Throughput (IMIX) Across Enhanced HA Link 800 Mbps 800 Mbps 800 Mbps 800 Mbps 800 Mbps 800 Mbps 800 Mbps
Note: Performance with Edge Network Intelligence enabled:
  • There is a performance impact of up to 20% when analytics are enabled.
  • Flow capacity is reduced by half when analytics are enabled due to the additional memory and processing required for analysis.

Virtual Edge

Table 5. Private Cloud (Hypervisors)
Edge Device Maximum Throughput Maximum Number of Tunnels Flows Per Second Maximum Concurrent Flows Maximum Number of Routes Maximum Number of Segments
ESXi Virtual Edge (2-core, VMXNET3)

2 Gbps (1300-byte)

800 Mbps (IMIX)

50 2400 240K 35K 128
KVM Virtual Edge (2-core, Linux Bridge)

500 Mbps (1300-byte)

200 Mbps (IMIX)

50 2400 240K 35K 128
KVM Virtual Edge (2-core, SR-IOV)

1.25 Gbps (1300-byte)

600 Mbps (IMIX)

50 2400 240K 35K 128
ESXi Virtual Edge (4-core, VMXNET3)

2 Gbps (1300-byte)

1.5 Gbps (IMIX)

400 19200 1.9M 35K 128
ESXi Virtual Edge (4-core, SR-IOV)

2 Gbps (1300-byte)

1.5 Gbps (IMIX)

400 19200 1.9M 35K 128
KVM Virtual Edge (4-core, Linux Bridge)

1 Gbps (1300-byte)

350 Mbps (IMIX)

400 4800 480K 35K 128
KVM Virtual Edge (4-core, SR-IOV)

2 Gbps (1300-byte)

1 Gbps (IMIX)

400 19200 1.9M 35K 128
ESXi Virtual Edge (8-core, VMXNET3)

5 Gbps (1300-byte)

2.5 Gbps (IMIX)

800 38400 1.9M 35K 128
ESXi Virtual Edge (8-core, SR-IOV)

Version 3.4 or older:

5 Gbps (1300-byte)

2.5 Gbps (IMIX)

Version 4.0 or newer:

9 Gbps (1300-byte)

4 Gbps (IMIX)

800 38400 1.9M 35K 128
KVM Virtual Edge (8-core, SR-IOV

Version 3.4 or older:

3.5 Gbps (1300-byte)

1 Gbps (IMIX)

Version 4.0 or newer:

9 Gbps (1300-byte)

3 Gbps (IMIX)

800 38400 1.9M 35K 128
2 vCPU 4vCPU 8vCPU 10vCPU
Minimim Memory (DRAM) 4 GB 8 GB 8 GB 8 GB
Minimum Storage 8 GB 8 GB 8 GB 8 GB
Supported Hypervisors

Software Version 3.4 or older:

  • ESXi 6.0, 6.5U1, 6.7U1
  • KVM Ubuntu 14.04 LTS or 16.04

Software version 4.0 and above:

  • ESXi 6.5U1, 6.7U1, 7.0
  • KVM Ubuntu 16.04 and 18.04
Supported Public Cloud AWS, Azure, GCP, and Alibaba
Support Network I/O SR-IOV, VirtIO, VMXNET3
Recommended Host Settings

CPUs at 2.0 GHz or higher

CPU Instruction set:

  • AES-NI
  • AVX2 or AVX512
  • SSE3, SSE4, and RDTSC instruction sets

Hyper-threading disabled

Note: Performance metrics are based on a system using an Intel ® Xeon ® CPU E5-2683 v4 at 2.10 GHz.

Public Cloud

Table 6. Amazon Web Services (AWS)
AWS Instance Type c5.large c5.xlarge c5.2xlarge
Maximum Throughput

100 Mbps (1300-byte)

50 Mbps (IMIX)

200 Mbps (1300-byte)

100 Mbps (IMIX)

7 Gbps (1300-byte)

2.4 Gbps (IMIX)

Maximum Tunnels 50 400 800
Flows Per Second 1,200 2,400 4,800
Maximum Concurrent Flows 125,000 250,000 550,000
Maximum Number of Routes 35,000 35,000 35,000
Maximum Number of Segments 128 128 128
Note: c5.2xlarge performance and scale numbers are based on AWS Enhanced Networking (ENA SR-IOV drivers) being ‘enabled’.
Table 7. Microsoft Azure
Azure VM Series D2d v4 D4d v4 D8d v4
Maximum Throughput

100 Mbps (1300-byte)

50 Mbps (IMIX)

200 Mbps (1300-byte)

100 Mbps (IMIX)

1 Gbps (1300-byte)

450 Mbps (IMIX)

Maximum Tunnels 50 400 800
Flows Per Second 1,200 2,400 4,800
Maximum Concurrent Flows 125,000 250,000 550,000
Maximum Number of Routes 35,000 35,000 35,000
Maximum Number of Segments 128 128 128
Note: Azure Accelerated Networking is supported with a limited availability. Please contact your sales representative for details.