You can use node-specific information to supplement the general guidelines in the Pushing an app topic.

For information about using and extending the Node.js buildpack in Cloud Foundry, see the nodejs-buildpack repository in GitHub.

You can find current information about this buildpack on the Node.js buildpack release page in GitHub.

The buildpack uses a default Node.js version. To specify the versions of Node.js and npm an app requires, edit the app’s package.json, as described in “node.js and npm versions” in the nodejs-buildpack repository.

Application package file

Cloud Foundry expects a package.json in your Node.js app. You can specify the version of Node.js you want to use in the engine node of your package.json file.

In general, Cloud Foundry supports the two most recent versions of Node.js. See the GitHub Node.js buildpack page for current information.

Example package.json file:

  "name": "first",
  "version": "0.0.1",
  "author": "Demo",
  "dependencies": {
    "express": "3.4.8",
    "consolidate": "0.10.0",
    "swig": "1.3.2"
  "engines": {
    "node": "0.12.7",
    "npm": "2.7.4"

Application port

You must use the PORT environment variable to determine which port your app listens on. To also run your app locally, set the default port as 3000.

app.listen(process.env.PORT || 3000);

Low Memory environments

When running node apps, you might notice that instances are occasionally restarted due to memory constraints. Node does not know how much memory it is allowed to use, and thus sometimes allows the garbage collector to wait past the allowed amount of memory. To resolve this issue, set the OPTIMIZE_MEMORY environment variable to true (requires node v6.12.0 or greater). This sets max_old_space_size based on the available memory in the instance.

$ cf set-env my-app OPTIMIZE_MEMORY true

Application start command

Node.js apps require a start command. You can specify the web start command for a Node.js app in a Procfile or in the app deployment manifest. For more information about Procfiles, see the Configuring a Production Server topic.

The first time you deploy, you are asked if you want to save your configuration. This saves a manifest.yml in your app with the settings you entered during the initial push. Edit the manifest.yml file and create a start command as follows:

- name: my-app
  command: node my-app.js
... the rest of your settings ...

Alternately, specify the start command with cf push -c.

$ cf push my-app -c "node my-app.js"

Application bundling

You do not need to run npm install before deploying your app. Cloud Foundry runs it for you when your app is pushed. You can, if you prefer, run npm install and create a node_modules folder inside of your app.

Solve discovery problems

If Cloud Foundry does not automatically detect that your app is a Node.js app, you can override auto-detection by specifying the Node.js buildpack.

Add the buildpack into your manifest.yml and re-run cf push with your manifest:

- name: my-app
... the rest of your settings ...

Alternately, specify the buildpack on the command line with cf push -b:

$ cf push my-app -b

Bind services

Refer to Configure Service Connections for Node.js.

Environment variables

You can access environments variable programmatically.

For example, you can obtain VCAP_SERVICES as follows:


Environment variables available to you include both those defined by the system and those defined by the Node.js buildpack, as described below.

BUILD_DIR directory

Directory into which Node.js is copied each time a Node.js app is run.

CACHE_DIR directory

Directory that Node.js uses for caching.


The system path used by Node.js.


check-circle-line exclamation-circle-line close-line
Scroll to top icon