The pg_constraint system catalog table stores check, primary key, unique, and foreign key constraints on tables. Column constraints are not treated specially. Every column constraint is equivalent to some table constraint. Not-null constraints are represented in the pg_attribute catalog table. Check constraints on domains are stored here, too.

column type references description
conname name   Constraint name (not necessarily unique!)
connamespace oid pg_namespace.oid The OID of the namespace (schema) that contains this constraint.
contype char   c = check constraint, f = foreign key constraint, p = primary key constraint, u = unique constraint.
condeferrable boolean   Is the constraint deferrable?
condeferred boolean   Is the constraint deferred by default?
convalidated boolean   Has the constraint been validated? Currently, can only be false for foreign keys
conrelid oid pg_class.oid The table this constraint is on; 0 if not a table constraint.
contypid oid pg_type.oid The domain this constraint is on; 0 if not a domain constraint.
conindid oid pg_class.oid The index supporting this constraint, if it's a unique, primary key, foreign key, or exclusion constraint; else 0
confrelid oid pg_class.oid If a foreign key, the referenced table; else 0.
confupdtype char   Foreign key update action code.
confdeltype char   Foreign key deletion action code.
confmatchtype char   Foreign key match type.
conislocal boolean   This constraint is defined locally for the relation. Note that a constraint can be locally defined and inherited simultaneously.
coninhcount int4   The number of direct inheritance ancestors this constraint has. A constraint with a nonzero number of ancestors cannot be dropped nor renamed.
conkey int2[] pg_attribute.attnum If a table constraint, list of columns which the constraint constrains.
confkey int2[] pg_attribute.attnum If a foreign key, list of the referenced columns.
conpfeqop oid[] pg_operator.oid If a foreign key, list of the equality operators for PK = FK comparisons.
conppeqop oid[] pg_operator.oid If a foreign key, list of the equality operators for PK = PK comparisons.
conffeqop oid[] pg_operator.oid If a foreign key, list of the equality operators for PK = PK comparisons.
conexclop oid[] pg_operator.oid If an exclusion constraint, list of the per-column exclusion operators.
conbin text   If a check constraint, an internal representation of the expression.
consrc text   If a check constraint, a human-readable representation of the expression. This is not updated when referenced objects change; for example, it won't track renaming of columns. Rather than relying on this field, it is best to use pg_get_constraintdef() to extract the definition of a check constraint.

Parent topic: System Catalogs Definitions

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