This reference architecture is designed considering key principle elements such as Deployment, Networking, Workload acceleration, and Operational Intelligence.

Flexible Deployment Options

Telco Cloud Infrastructure can be deployed to support either a Three-Pod (Management, Resource, and Edge Pods) or a Two-Pod (Management and combined Resource and Edge Pods) configuration. The Three-Pod architecture provides the high flexibility and performance, because edge and user workloads do not run on the same hardware. CSPs can use the Two-Pod architecture for smaller starting deployments, where it is acceptable to combine the resource and Edge functionality in the same hosts.

Advanced Networking

To provide multitenant capabilities to distributed logical routers in the networking stack, Telco Cloud Infrastructure uses NSX-T Data Center to deploy multiple tiers of distributed routing through Tier-0 and Tier-1 gateways. Providers can use Tier-0 gateways and Virtual Routing Forwarding (VRF), whereas tenants can use Tier-1 gateways. Network virtualization capabilities that are enabled through Geneve encapsulation provide a flexible capability in line with industry standards. NSX-T Data Center performance enhancements for the N-VDS and NSX Edge Node offer advanced network capabilities.

Workload Acceleration

Telco Cloud Infrastructure includes several features to support workloads that require high performance. These features are delivered with N-VDS with Enhanced Data Path Mode that can be used for high-performance workloads. Also, the North-South traffic forwarding between logical and physical domains can benefit from bare metal NSX Edge Nodes. This high-performance capability is available through DPDK-based enhancements from NSX-T Data Center. Capabilities include optimizations through poll mode drivers, CPU affinity and optimization, and buffer management. DPDK provides support for workloads requiring acceleration.

Integrated Operational Intelligence

By using a framework that continuously collects data from local and distributed agents, Telco Cloud Infrastructure also provides the capability to correlate, analyze, and enable day 2 operations. Also, this analytical intelligence can be used with existing assurance engines for closed-loop remediation.