An overlapping IP address is on a client-side physical interface of a router or switch and is managed by a Managed Service Provider (MSP). The MSP discovers the router, its interfaces and IP addresses, but does not discover the client equipment that is accessible through the overlapping IP address.

The inclusion of the overlapping IP addresses in the modelled topology allows the MSP to observe the status of the client equipment associated with the overlapping IP addresses, which enables the MSP to respond immediately to customer outages.

When the VPNIP parameter is set to True, VPNIP and VPNIPNetwork objects are created, instead of tagged IP under the IP class.