After you upgrade the management components from the virtual infrastructure layer of the SDDC that are provide infrastructure management and disaster recovery, upgrade the Update Manager Download Service (UMDS) instances followed by the ESXi hosts, VMware Tools on the management virtual machines, and finally the vSAN storage in Region A and Region B.

About this task

Upgrading the remaining components of vSphere in the management clusters is a multi-step operation in which you must upgrade the UMDS instances, management ESXi hosts, and the vSAN on-disk format in Region A. Then, you repeat these operations in Region B. This sequence is with least impact on your ability to perform disaster recovery operations in the SDDC using the management components and with minimal operational impact to your tenant workloads and provisioning operations.

Table 1. Management ESXi Hosts and UMDS Nodes in the SDDC

Region

Cluster Name

IP Address

Fully Qualified Domain Name

vSAN Datastore

Region A

sfo01-m01-mgmt01

192.168.31.67

sfo01umds01.sfo01.rainpole.local

-

172.16.11.101

sfo01m01esx01.sfo01.rainpole.local

sfo01-m01-vsan01

172.16.11.102

sfo01m01esx02.sfo01.rainpole.local

172.16.11.103

sfo01m01esx03.sfo01.rainpole.local

172.16.11.104

sfo01m01esx04.sfo01.rainpole.local

172.16.11.1xx

sfo01m01esxxx.sfo01.rainpole.local

Region B

lax01-m01-mgmt01

192.168.32.67

lax01umds01.lax01.rainpole.local

-

172.17.11.101

lax01m01esx01.lax01.rainpole.local

lax01-m01-vsan01

172.17.11.102

lax01m01esx02.lax01.rainpole.local

172.17.11.103

lax01m01esx03.lax01.rainpole.local

172.17.11.104

lax01m01esx04.lax01.rainpole.local

172.17.11.1xx

lax01m01esxxx.lax01.rainpole.local

Table 2. Management Virtual Machines for VMware Tools Remediation in the SDDC

Region

Cluster Name

Folder

Role

Virtual Machine Name

Region A

sfo01-m01-mgmt01

sfo01-m01fd-mgmt

Update Manager Download Service

sfo01umds01

sfo01-m01fd-vra

vRealize Automation IaaS Web Server

vra01iws01a.rainpole.local

vra01iws01b.rainpole.local

vRealize Automation Model Manager Service

vra01ims01a.rainpole.local

vra01ims01b.rainpole.local

vRealize Automation DEM Workers

vra01dem01a.rainpole.local

vra01dem01b.rainpole.local

Microsoft SQL Server

vra01mssql01.rainpole.local

sfo01-m01fd-vraias

vRealize Automation Proxy Agent

sfo01ias01a.sfo01.rainpole.local

sfo01ias01b.sfo01.rainpole.local

sfo01-m01fd-bcdr

vSphere Data Protection

sfo01m01vdp01

Site Recovery Manager

sfo01m01srm01

Region B

lax01-m01-mgmt01

lax01-m01fd-mgmt

Update Manager Download Service

lax01umds01

lax01-m01fd-vraias

vRealize Automation Proxy Agent

lax01ias01a.lax01.rainpole.local

lax01ias01b.lax01.rainpole.local

lax01-m01fd-bcdr

vSphere Data Protection

lax01m01vdp01

Site Recovery Manager

lax01m01srm01

Note:

VMware Validated Design 4.1 introduces a new convention for host and object names in the SDDC. The step-by-step upgrade guidance uses the new names for both the pre- and post-upgrade SDDC setups. For information about the new convention, see Mapping Component Names Between Versions 4.0 and 4.1 of VMware Validated Design.

Prerequisites

  • For Update Manager Download Service instances

    • Verify that a backup of all Update Manager Download Service virtual machines exists. See the VMware Validated Design Backup and Restore documentation.

    • Download the vCenter Server Appliance installer VMware-VCSA-all-6.5.0-build_number.iso file to a shared datastore for mounting to the virtual appliances. If you have space on your NFS datastore, upload the file there.

  • For ESXi hosts and vSAN clusters

    • Verify that the system hardware complies with the ESXi requirements. See VMware Compatibility Guide. Check for the following compatibility areas:

      • System compatibility

      • I/O compatibility with network and host bus adapter (HBA) cards

      • Storage compatibility

      • Backup software compatibility

      • Compatibility of the firmware for the network and host bus adapter (HBA) cards. Upgrade the firmware accordingly.

      • BIOS compatibility. Upgrade the BIOS on the ESXi hosts accordingly.

    • Allocate sufficient disk space on the host for the upgrade.

    • Verify that vSphere DRS on the management cluster is set to Fully Automated for the duration of the upgrade operations to have management workloads automatically migrated from hosts while they are being upgraded.

  • For VMware Tools

    • Verify that all ESXi hosts in the management cluster have been upgraded.

    • Verify that the vRealize Automation environment has been quiesced of all activities, including but not limited to, users ordering new virtual machines and third-party integration that might automate the ordering of new virtual machines.

    • Verify that the maintenance window is in a time period in which no backup jobs are running or scheduled to run.

    • Verify that a backup of all UMDS virtual machines exist. See the VMware Validated Design Backup and Restore documentation.

What to do next

  • Verify that the Update Manager Download Service is operational after the upgrade. See Verify the Status of the vSphere Update Manager Download Service in the VMware Validated Design Operational Verification documentation.

  • Verify that the management ESXi hosts are operational after the upgrade. See Verify the ESXi Hosts in the VMware Validated Design Operational Verification documentation.

  • Verify that the management virtual machines are operational after the upgrade. See the VMware Validated Design Operational Verification documentation.