The first step in certificate generation and replacement is setting up a Microsoft Certificate Authority template on the Active Directory (AD) servers for the region. The template contains the certificate authority (CA) attributes for signing certificates of VMware SDDC solutions. After you create the new template, you add it to the certificate templates of the Microsoft CA.

Creating a certificate authority template for this VMware Validated Design includes the following operations:

  1. Set up a Microsoft Certificate Authority template. 

  2. Add the new template to the certificate templates of the Microsoft CA.


This VMware Validated Design sets the Certificate Authority service hierarchies on both Active Directory (AD) servers: the main domain dc01rpl.rainpole.local (root CA) and the subdomain dc01sfo.sfo01.rainpole.local (the intermediate CA).

  • Verify that you installed Microsoft Server 2012 R2 VM with Active Directory Domain Services enabled.

  • Verify that the Certificate Authority Service role and the Certificate Authority Web Enrollment role are installed and configured on the Active Directory Server.

  • Verify that dc01sfo.sfo01.rainpole.local has been set up to be the intermediate CA of the root CA dc01rpl.rainpole.local.

  • Use a hashing algorithm of SHA-256 or higher on the certificate authority.


  1. Log in to the following AD server by using a Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) client.




    • If you use the intermediate CA, connect to dc01sfo.sfo01.rainpole.local.

    User name

    Active Directory administrator



  2. Click Windows Start > Run, enter certtmpl.msc, and click OK
  3. In the Certificate Template Console, under Template Display Name, right-click Web Server and click Duplicate Template.
  4. In the Duplicate Template window, leave Windows Server 2003 Enterprise selected for backward compatibility and click OK
  5. In the Properties of New Template dialog box, click the General tab.
  6. In the Template display name text box, enter VMware as the name of the new template.
  7. Click the Extensions tab and specify extensions information.
    1. Select Application Policies and click Edit.
    2. Select Server Authentication, click Remove, and click OK.
    3. Select Key Usage and click Edit.
    4. Select the Signature is proof of origin (nonrepudiation) check box.
    5. Leave the default for all other options.
    6. Click OK.
  8. Click the Subject Name tab, ensure that the Supply in the request option is selected, and click OK to save the template.
  9. To add the new template to your CA, click Windows Start > Run, enter certsrv.msc, and click OK.
  10. In the Certification Authority window, expand the left pane if it is collapsed. 
  11. Right-click Certificate Templates and select New > Certificate Template to Issue.
  12. In the Name column of the Enable Certificate Templates dialog box, select the VMware certificate that you created and click OK.