Workstation Pro provides bridged networking, network address translation (NAT), host-only networking, and custom networking options to configure a virtual machine for virtual networking. The software needed for all networking configurations is installed on the host system when you install Workstation Pro.
Understanding Virtual Networking Components The virtual networking components in Workstation Pro include virtual switches, virtual network adapters, the virtual DHCP server, and the NAT device.
Understanding Common Networking Configurations You can configure bridged networking, NAT, and host-only networking for virtual machines. You can also use the virtual networking components to create sophisticated custom virtual networks.
Changing the Default Networking Configuration When you choose the standard network options in the New Virtual Machine wizard, the wizard sets up the networking configuration for the virtual machine.
Configuring Bridged Networking When you install Workstation Pro on a Windows or Linux host system, a bridged network (VMnet0) is set up for you. Bridged networking connects a virtual machine to a network by using the network adapter on the host system. If the host system is on a network, bridged networking is often the easiest way to give the virtual machine access to that network.
Configuring Network Address Translation When you install Workstation Pro on a Windows or Linux host system, a NAT network (VMnet8) is set up for you. When you use the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a typical virtual machine, the wizard configures the virtual machine to use the default NAT network.
Configuring Host-Only Networking When you install Workstation Pro on a Windows or Linux host system, a host-only network (VMnet1) is set up for you. Host-only networking is useful if you need to set up an isolated virtual network. In a host-only network, the virtual machine and the host virtual network adapter are connected to a private Ethernet network. The network is completely contained within the host system.
Assigning IP Addresses in Host-Only Networks and NAT Configurations The host system and all virtual machines configured for host-only networking are connected to the network through a virtual switch. Typically, all the parties on this network use the TCP/IP protocol suite, although other communication protocols can be used.
Configuring LAN Segments A LAN segment is a private network that is shared by other virtual machines. A LAN segment can be useful for multitier testing, network performance analysis, and situations where virtual machine isolation are important.
Configuring Samba for Workstation Pro If you have Samba on a Linux host system, you can configure it so that it works with Workstation Pro.
Using Virtual Network Adapters in Promiscuous Mode on Linux Hosts Workstation Pro does not allow the virtual network adapter to go into promiscuous mode unless the user running Workstation Pro has permission to make that setting. This restriction follows the standard Linux practice that only the root user can put a network interface into promiscuous mode.
Maintaining and Changing MAC Addresses for Virtual Machines When a virtual machine is powered on, Workstation Pro assigns each of its virtual network adapters an Ethernet media access control (MAC) address. A MAC address is the unique address assigned to each Ethernet network device.
Sample Custom Networking Configuration There are many ways to combine devices on a virtual network. This example shows server connections through multiple firewalls.