You can specify monitor resolution settings, configure multiple monitors, and select accelerated graphics capabilities for a virtual machine. You can use the multiple-monitor feature when the virtual machine is in full screen mode.

For Windows guests, to use DirectX 9 accelerated graphics, the guest operating system must be Windows XP or later. To use DirectX 10 accelerated graphics, the guest operating system must be Windows Vista or later.


  • Verify that the latest version of VMware Tools is installed in the guest operating system.

  • Verify that the guest operating system in the virtual machine is Windows XP or higher, or Linux.

  • If you plan to use DirectX 9 or DirectX 10 accelerated graphics, prepare the host system. See Prepare the Host System to Use 3D Accelerated Graphics.

  • If you are using Windows 8.1 (Update 2) or Windows 10, Workstation Pro detects the DPI on each monitor and scales the virtual machine to match the DPI on the host.


  1. Select the virtual machine and select VM > Settings.
  2. On the Hardware tab, select Display.
  3. (Optional) To run applications that use DirectX 9 or DirectX 10 accelerated graphics, select Accelerate 3D graphics.
  4. Specify whether host settings determine the number of monitors.



    Use host setting for monitors

    When you select this setting, the SVGA driver uses two monitors, a maximum bounding box width of 3840, and a maximum bounding box height of 1920. The virtual machine is configured to have a minimum of two 1920x1200 monitors, in a side-by-side topology, in both normal and rotated orientations. If the host system has more than two monitors, the virtual machine uses the number of monitors on the host system instead. If the host system's bounding box is wider or taller than the defaults, the virtual machine uses the larger size. You should select this setting in most cases.

    Specify monitor settings

    Set the number of monitors that the virtual machine will see, regardless of the number of monitors on the host system. This setting is useful if you use a multimonitor host system and you need to test in a virtual machine that has only one monitor. It is also useful if you are developing a multimonitor application in a virtual machine and the host system has only one monitor. After you power on the virtual machine, the guest operating system sees the number of monitors that you specified. Select a resolution from the list or type a setting that has the format width x height, where width and height are the number of pixels.


    You cannot configure the resolution setting for a remote virtual machine.

  5. (Optional) Select the maximum amount of guest memory that can be used for graphics memory using the drop down menu. The default value of video memory varies by guest OS.

    Guest OS


    Windows 7 and later

    1 GB

    Windows XP and earlier

    512 MB


    768 MB


    If you manually edited the .vmx file to change the memory size for the virtual machine, the value you entered in the .vmx file is displayed, labeled Custom.

  6. To enable display scaling for the virtual machine, select the Automatically adjust user interface size in the virtual machine check box.
  7. Click OK to save your changes.