Given the two design options available, a greenfield deployment will be faced with a choice regarding the most appropriate vCloud NFV design to use. As an engineering decision, differences between the two designs and their potential use cases must first be understood. This section of the document provides considerations to guide CSPs in choosing between the two-pod and three-pod designs.
The vCloud NFV OpenStack Edition architecture ensures that key capabilities like secure multitenancy, integrated operational management, and carrier grade readiness are untouched by the choice of pod design. Neither choice will influence the ability of the NFV platform to support virtualized network services.
A key difference between two-pod and three-pod design is the footprint required for deployment. Two-pod design initially requires a smaller number of hosts, racks, and ToR switches than three-pod design. This means that distributed deployments such as those used in micro data centers or telecommunications central offices, where space and cooling is at a premium, may benefit from two-pod design. Some enterprise service use cases, such as premise-based virtual Customer Premise Equipment (vCPE), also benefit from the smaller footprint of two-pod design. In these use cases, administrative boundaries can be made very clear by mapping the collapsed Edge / Resource pod to a single rack. In use cases where space is ample and virtual network functions perform a centralized role, maintaining the functional separation between the three pods is beneficial
Capacity planning and scale up operations are natural and straight forward in three-pod design. With this design, each pod scales independent of the others. In two-pod design with both edge and resource functions sharing the same pod, as VNFs are added, careful consideration must be taken of the resources available to edge function operations. All the tools required for capacity planning and proactive resource usage monitoring are provided with vCloud NFV OpenStack Edition, and tools to migrate VNFs to necessary resources are also available.