As described in the Management and Orchestration section of this reference architecture, the ETSI NFV Management and Orchestration (MANO) framework consists of three functional blocks: The Virtualized Infrastructure Manager (VIM), the NFV Orchestrator (NFVO), and the VNF Manager (VNFM).

The vCloud NFV OpenStack Edition platform includes an integrated VIM, which exposes well documented northbound interfaces to VNFMs and NFVOs. VNFM components are often packaged together with VNFs. NFVO partners and independent VNFM solutions are listed on the https://www.vmware.com/solutions/industry/telco.html page.