You can use OpenSSL to configure an authentication certificate for use with vRealize Operations Cloud. You must first generate a Certificate PEM for vRealize Operations Cloud, then install the Certificate PEM in vRealize Operations Cloud. The certificates applied through the vRealize Operations Cloud Admin UI will be used only for securely connecting and serving the user interfaces to (external) clients. We do not update the SSL certificates used for establishing a secure connection from vRealize Operations Cloud to other services like VMware Identity Manager, vCenter Server, and vRealize Log Insight.


  1. Generate a Certificate PEM file for use with vRealize Operations Cloud.
    1. Generate a key pair by running this command:
      openssl genrsa -out key_filename.key 2048
    2. Use the key to generate a certificate signing request by running this command:
      openssl req -new -key key_filename.key -out certificate_request.csr
    3. Submit the CSR file to your Certificate Authority (CA) to obtain a signed certificate.
    4. From your Certificate Authority, download the certificate and the complete issuing chain (one or more certificates). Download them in Base64 format.
    5. Enter the command to create a single PEM file containing all certificates and the private key. In this step, the example certificate is server_cert.cer and the issuing chain is cacerts.cer.
    Note: The order of CA's certs in the .PEM file: Cert, Private Key, Intermediate Cert and then Root Cert.

    cat server_cert.cer key_filename.key cacerts.cer > multi_part.pem

    In Windows replace cat with type.

    The finished PEM file should look similar to the following example, where the number of CERTIFICATE sections depends on the length of the issuing chain:

    (Your Primary SSL certificate: your_domain_name.crt)
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----
    (Your Private Key: your_domain_name.key)
    -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
    (Your Intermediate certificate: DigiCertCA.crt)
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----
    (Your Root certificate: TrustedRoot.crt)
    -----END CERTIFICATE-----
  2. Install a PEM in vRealize Operations Cloud.
    1. In a Web browser, navigate to the vRealize Operations Cloud administration interface.
    2. Log in with the admin user name and password.
    3. At the upper right, click the yellow SSL Certificate icon.
    4. In the SSL Certificate window, click Install New Certificate.
    5. Click Browse for certificate.
    6. Locate the certificate .pem file, and click Open to load the file in the Certificate Information text box. The certificate file must contain a valid private key and a valid certificate chain.
    7. Click Install.