For FreeBSD virtual machines, you manually install or upgrade VMware Tools by using the command line.

Install the latest version of VMware Tools to enhance the performance of the virtual machine's guest operating system and improve virtual machine management. When you power on a virtual machine, if a new version of VMware Tools is available, you see a notification in the status bar of the guest operating system.


  • Power on the virtual machine.
  • Verify that the guest operating system is running.
  • Because the VMware Tools installer is written in Perl, verify that Perl is installed in the guest operating system.
  • For vSphere virtual machines, to determine whether you have the latest version of VMware Tools, in the vSphere Client inventory, select the virtual machine and click the Summary tab.


  1. Select the menu command to mount the VMware Tools virtual disc on the guest operating system.
    VMware Product Menu Command
    vSphere Client Inventory > Virtual Machine > Guest > Install/Upgrade VMware Tools
    vSphere Web Client Right-click the virtual machine and select All vCenter Actions > Guest OS > Install/Upgrade VMware Tools.
    1. To locate a virtual machine, select a datacenter, folder, cluster, resource pool, host, or vApp.
    2. Click the Related Objects tab and click Virtual Machines.
    Fusion Virtual Machine > Install (or Upgrade) VMware Tools
    Workstation VM > Install (or Upgrade) VMware Tools
    Player Player > Manage > Install (or Upgrade) VMware Tools
  2. In the virtual machine, log in to the guest operating system as root and open a terminal window.
  3. If the distribution does not automatically mount CD-ROMs, mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image.
    For example, type mount /cdrom.
  4. Change to a working directory (for example, /tmp).
    cd /tmp
  5. Untar the VMware Tools tar file.
    tar zxpf /cdrom/vmware-freebsd-tools.tar.gz
  6. If the distribution does not use automounting, unmount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image.
    umount /cdrom
  7. Run the installer and configure VMware Tools.
    cd vmware-tools-distrib

    Usually, the configuration file runs after the installer file finishes running.

  8. Respond to the prompts by pressing Enter to accept the default values, if appropriate for your configuration.
  9. Follow the instructions at the end of the script.

    Depending on the features you use, these instructions can include restarting the X session, restarting networking, logging in again, and starting the VMware User process. You can alternatively reboot the guest operating system to accomplish all these tasks.


If you are using vCenter Server, the VMware Tools label on the Summary tab changes to OK.

What to do next

(Recommended) If you upgraded VMware Tools as part of a vSphere upgrade, next determine whether to upgrade the virtual machines in your environment. To review and compare the hardware available for different compatibility levels, see the vSphere Virtual Machine Administration documentation.