VMware Tools in Linux, Solaris, and FreeBSD guest operating systems uses the VMware User process executable file. This  program implements the fit-guest-to-window feature and Unity mode, among other features.

About this task

Normally, this process starts after you configure VMware Tools, log out of the desktop environment, and log back in. The vmware-user program is located in the directory in which you selected to install binary programs, which defaults to /usr/bin. The startup script that you need to modify depends on your system. You must start the process manually in the following environments:

  • If you run an X session without a session manager. For example, if you use startx to start a desktop session and do not use xdm, kdm, or gdm.

  • If you are using an older version of GNOME without gdm or xdm.

  • If you are using a session manager or environment that does not support the Desktop Application Autostart Specification, available from http://standards.freedesktop.org.

  • If you upgrade VMware Tools.


Start the VMware User process.



Start the VMware User process when you start an X session.

Add vmware-user to the appropriate X startup script, such as the .xsession or .xinitrc file.

Start the process after a VMware Tools software upgrade, or if certain features are not working.

Open a terminal window and type the vmware-user command.