Use the provisioning TCP/IP stack to isolate traffic for cold migration, VM clones, and snapshots, and to assign a dedicated default gateway, routing table, and DNS configuration for this traffic. To enable the Provisioning TCP/IP stack, assign it a new VMkernel adapter.
By using a separate TCP/IP stack, you can handle vMotion and cold migration traffic according to the topology of the network and as required for your organization:
Route the traffic for migration of powered on or powered off virtual machines by using a default gateway that is different from the gateway assigned to the default stack on the host.
By using a separate default gateway, you can use DHCP for IP address assignment to the VMkernel adapters for migration in a flexible way.
- Assign a separate set of buffers and sockets.
- Avoid routing table conflicts that might otherwise appear when many features are using a common TCP/IP stack.
- Isolate traffic to improve security.
Verify that the host is running ESXi 6.0 or later
- In the vSphere Web Client, navigate to the host.
- Under Manage, select Networking and then select VMkernel adapters.
- Click Add host networking.
- On the Select connection type page, select VMkernel Network Adapter and click Next.
- On the Select target device page, select the switch for the VMkernel adapter, and click Next.
Option Description Select an existing network Use the physical adapter configuration of an existing distributed port group to send data from the VMkernel adapter to the external network. Select an existing standard switch Use the physical adapter configuration for the VMkernel adapter of an existing standard switch. New vSphere standard switch Assign a new physical adapter configuration for the VMkernel adapter on a new standard switch.
- On the Port properties page, select Provisioning from the TCP/IP stack drop-down menu.
The provisioning traffic becomes the only enabled service. You cannot use this VMkernel adapter for traffic types other than provisioning.
- Set the label, VLAN ID, and IP mode of the VMkernel adapter, and click Next.
- (Optional) On the IPv4 settings page, select an option for obtaining IP addresses.
Option Description Obtain IP settings automatically Use DHCP to obtain IP settings. A DHCP server must be present on the network. Use static IP settings
Enter the IPv4 IP address and subnet mask for the VMkernel adapter.
The VMkernel Default Gateway and DNS server addresses for IPv4 are obtained from the selected TCP/IP stack.
- (Optional) On the IPv6 settings page, select an option for obtaining IPv6 addresses.
Option Description Obtain IPv6 addresses automatically through DHCP Use DHCP to obtain IPv6 addresses. A DHCPv6 server must be present on the network. Obtain IPv6 addresses automatically through Router Advertisement Use router advertisement to obtain IPv6 addresses. Static IPv6 addresses
- Click Add to add a new IPv6 address.
- Enter the IPv6 address and subnet prefix length, and click OK.
- To change the VMkernel default gateway, click Edit.
The VMkernel Default Gateway address for IPv6 is obtained from the selected TCP/IP stack.
- Review your setting selections in the Ready to complete page and click Finish.
After you create a VMkernel adapter on the provisioning TCP/IP stack, you can use only this stack for cold migration, cloning, and snapshots on this host. The VMkernel adapters on the default TCP/IP stack are disabled for the provisioning service. If a live migration uses the default TCP/IP stack while you configure VMkernel adapters with the provisioning TCP/IP stack, the data transfer completes successfully. However, the involved VMkernel adapters on the default TCP/IP stack are disabled for future cold migration, cross-host cloning, and snapshot sessions.