A virtual machine is a software computer that, like a physical computer, runs an operating system and applications. The virtual machine consists of a set of specification and configuration files and is backed by the physical resources of a host. Every virtual machine has virtual devices that provide the same functionality as physical hardware are more portable, more secure, and easier to manage.
A virtual machine consists of several files that are stored on a storage device. The key files are the configuration file, virtual disk file, NVRAM setting file, and log file. You configure virtual machine settings through the vSphere Web Client, one of the vSphere command-line interfaces (PowerCLI, vCLI) or the vSphere Web Services SDK.
|.vmx||vmname.vmx||Virtual machine configuration file|
|.vmxf||vmname.vmxf||Additional virtual machine configuration files|
|.vmdk||vmname.vmdk||Virtual disk characteristics|
|-flat.vmdk||vmname-flat.vmdk||Virtual machine data disk|
|.nvram||vmname.nvram or nvram||Virtual machine BIOS or EFI configuration|
|.vmsd||vmname.vmsd||Virtual machine snapshot descriptions|
|.vmsn||vmname.vmsn||Virtual machine snapshot data file|
|.vswp||vmname.vswp||Virtual machine swap file|
|.vmss||vmname.vmss||Virtual machine suspend file|
|.log||vmware.log||Current virtual machine log file|
|-#.log||vmware-#.log (where # is a number starting with 1)||Old virtual machine log files|
- A .hlog file is a log file that is used by vCenter Server to keep track of virtual machine files that must be removed after a certain operation completes.
- A .vmtx file is created when you convert a virtual machine to a template. The .vmtx file replaces the virtual machine configuration file (.vmx file).