When your ESXi host connects to block-based storage systems, LUNs or storage devices that support ESXi become available to the host.

After the devices get registered with your host, you can display all available local and networked devices and review their information. If you use third-party multipathing plug-ins, the storage devices available through the plug-ins also appear on the list.

Note:

If an array supports implicit asymmetric logical unit access (ALUA) and has only standby paths, the registration of the device fails. The device can register with the host after the target activates a standby path and the host detects it as active. The advanced system /Disk/FailDiskRegistration parameter controls this behavior of the host.

For each storage adapter, you can display a separate list of storage devices available for this adapter.

Generally, when you review storage devices, you see the following information.

Table 1. Storage Device Information

Storage Device Information

Description

Name

Also called Display Name. It is a name that the ESXi host assigns to the device based on the storage type and manufacturer. You can change this name to a name of your choice.

Identifier

A universally unique identifier that is intrinsic to the device.

Operational State

Indicates whether the device is attached or detached. For details, see Detach Storage Devices.

LUN

Logical Unit Number (LUN) within the SCSI target. The LUN number is provided by the storage system. If a target has only one LUN, the LUN number is always zero (0).

Type

Type of device, for example, disk or CD-ROM.

Drive Type

Information about whether the device is a flash drive or a regular HDD drive. For information about flash drives and NVMe devices, see Working with Flash Devices.

Transport

Transportation protocol your host uses to access the device. The protocol depends on the type of storage being used. See Types of Physical Storage.

Capacity

Total capacity of the storage device.

Owner

The plug-in, such as the NMP or a third-party plug-in, that the host uses to manage paths to the storage device. For details, see Pluggable Storage Architecture and Path Management.

Hardware Acceleration

Information about whether the storage device assists the host with virtual machine management operations. The status can be Supported, Not Supported, or Unknown. For details, see Storage Hardware Acceleration.

Sector Format

Indicates whether the device uses a traditional, 512n, or advanced sector format, such as 512e or 4Kn. For more information, see Device Sector Formats.

Location

A path to the storage device in the /vmfs/devices/ directory.

Partition Format

A partition scheme used by the storage device. It can be of a master boot record (MBR) or GUID partition table (GPT) format. The GPT devices can support datastores greater than 2 TB. For more information, see Device Sector Formats.

Partitions

Primary and logical partitions, including a VMFS datastore, if configured.

Multipathing Policies

Path Selection Policy and Storage Array Type Policy the host uses to manage paths to storage. For more information, see Understanding Multipathing and Failover.

Paths

Paths used to access storage and their status.