vSphere HA provides a base level of protection for your virtual machines by restarting virtual machines in the event of a host failure. vSphere Fault Tolerance provides a higher level of availability, allowing users to protect any virtual machine from a host failure with no loss of data, transactions, or connections.

Fault Tolerance provides continuous availability by ensuring that the states of the Primary and Secondary VMs are identical at any point in the instruction execution of the virtual machine.

If either the host running the Primary VM or the host running the Secondary VM fails, an immediate and transparent failover occurs. The functioning ESXi host seamlessly becomes the Primary VM host without losing network connections or in-progress transactions. With transparent failover, there is no data loss and network connections are maintained. After a transparent failover occurs, a new Secondary VM is respawned and redundancy is re-established. The entire process is transparent and fully automated and occurs even if vCenter Server is unavailable.