The Network Rate chart displays network usage for virtual machines.
This chart is located in the Home view of the Virtual Machine Performance tab. It appears only at collection levels 3 and 4.
|Data Receive Rate||Rate at which data is received across each virtual NIC instance on the virtual machine.
|Data Transmit Rate||Rate at which data is transmitted across each virtual NIC instance on the virtual machine.
Network performance depends on the application workload and network configuration. Dropped network packets indicate a bottleneck in the network. To determine whether packets are being dropped, use esxtop or the advanced performance charts to examine the droppedTx and droppedRx network counter values.
If packets are being dropped, adjust the virtual machine shares. If packets are not being dropped, check the size of the network packets and the data receive and transfer rates. In general, the larger the network packets, the faster the network speed. When the packet size is large, fewer packets are transferred, which reduces the amount of CPU required to process the data. When network packets are small, more packets are transferred but the network speed is slower because more CPU is required to process the data.
If packets are not being dropped and the data receive rate is slow, the host is probably lacking the CPU resources required to handle the load. Check the number of virtual machines assigned to each physical NIC. If necessary, perform load balancing by moving virtual machines to different vSwitches or by adding more NICs to the host. You can also move virtual machines to another host or increase the host CPU or virtual machine CPU.
If you experience network-related performance problems, also consider taking the following actions.
|1||Verify that VMware Tools is installed on each virtual machine.|
|2||If possible, use vmxnet3 NIC drivers, which are available with VMware Tools. They are optimized for high performance.|
|3||If virtual machines running on the same host communicate with each other, connect them to the same vSwitch to avoid transferring packets over the physical network.|
|4||Assign each physical NIC to a port group and a vSwitch.|
|5||Use separate physical NICs to handle the different traffic streams, such as network packets generated by virtual machines, iSCSI protocols, vMotion tasks.|
|6||Ensure that the physical NIC capacity is large enough to handle the network traffic on that vSwitch. If the capacity is not enough, consider using a high-bandwidth physical NIC (10 Gbps). Alternatively, consider moving some virtual machines to a vSwitch with a lighter load or to a new vSwitch.|
|7||If packets are being dropped at the vSwitch port, increase the virtual network driver ring buffers where applicable.|
|8||Verify that the reported speed and duplex settings for the physical NIC match the hardware expectations and that the hardware is configured to run at its maximum capability. For example, verify that NICs with 1 Gbps are not reset to 100 Mbps because they are connected to an older switch.|
|9||Verify that all NICs are running in full duplex mode. Hardware connectivity problems might result in a NIC resetting itself to a lower speed or half duplex mode.|
|10||Use vNICs that are TCP Segmentation Offload (TSO)-capable, and verify that TSO-Jumbo Frames are enabled where possible.|