CD/DVD drives are necessary for installing a guest operating system and VMware Tools. You can use a physical drive on a client or host or you can use an ISO image to add a CD/DVD drive to a virtual machine.
When you power on the virtual machine, you can select the media to connect to from the VM Hardware panel on the virtual machine Summary tab.
- If you add a CD/DVD drive that is backed by a USB CD/DVD drive on the host, you must add the drive as a SCSI device.
- You must disconnect virtual machines that have CD drives that are backed by the physical CD drive on the host, before you migrate the virtual machine.
- You access the host CD-ROM device through emulation mode. Passthrough mode is not functional for local host CD-ROM access. You can write or burn a remote CD only through passthrough mode access, but in emulation mode you can only read a CD-ROM from a host CD-ROM device.
- Verify that the virtual machine is powered off.
- If an ISO image file is not available on a local or shared datastore, upload an ISO image to a datastore from your local system by using the datastore file browser. See Upload ISO Image Installation Media for a Guest Operating System.
- Verify that you have the privilege on the virtual machine.
- Right-click a virtual machine in the inventory and select Edit Settings.
- Select your task.
Option Description Add a CD/DVD drive On the Virtual Hardware tab, click the Add New Device button and select CD/DVD Drive. Modify CD/DVD settings On the Virtual Hardware tab, expand CD/DVD drive and change the configuration settings.
- To change CD/DVD settings, select the device type from the CD/DVD drive drop-down menu.
Option Action Client Device Select this option to connect the CD/DVD device to a physical DVD or CD device on the system from which you access the vSphere Client.
From the Device Mode drop-down menu, select Passthrough CD-ROM.
Datastore ISO File Select this option to connect the CD/DVD device to an ISO file that is stored on a datastore accessible to the host.
The Select File dialog box opens.
- In the Select File dialog box, browse to the file containing the ISO image to connect to.
- Click OK.
Content Library ISO File Select this option to connect the CD/DVD device to an ISO file that is stored in a content library.
The Choose an ISO image to mount dialog box opens
- In the Choose an ISO image to mount, select the ISO image to connect to.
- Click OK.
- (Optional) Specify additional settings for the CD/DVD drive.
Option Description Connect At Power On Select this option to connect to the device when the virtual machine turns on. Device Mode Select Passthrough CD-ROM for a CD/DVD drive that is connected to the physical client machine. Select Emulate CD-ROM otherwise. Virtual Device Node Specify the location of the ISO that you are mounting.
To change the device node from the default, select a new mode from the Virtual Device Node drop-down menu.
- Power on the virtual machine and click the Summary tab.
- Expand the VM Hardware panel and click Connected next to select to.
What to do next
You can now install the guest operating system or other applications.