All three sites in a stretched cluster communicate across the management network and across the vSAN network. The VMs in both data sites communicate across a common virtual machine network.
- Management network requires connectivity across all three sites, using a Layer 2 stretched network or a Layer 3 network.
- The vSAN network requires connectivity across all three sites. It must have independent routing and connectivity between the data sites and the witness host. vSAN supports both Layer 2 and Layer 3 between the two data sites, and Layer 3 between the data sites and the witness host.
- VM network requires connectivity between the data sites, but not the witness host. Use a Layer 2 stretched network or Layer 3 network between the data sites. In the event of a failure, the VMs do not require a new IP address to work on the remote site.
- vMotion network requires connectivity between the data sites, but not the witness host. Use a Layer 2 stretched or a Layer 3 network between data sites.
Using Static Routes on ESXi Hosts
If you use a single default gateway on ESXi hosts, each ESXi host contains a default TCP/IP stack that has a single default gateway. The default route is typically associated with the management network TCP/IP stack.
The management network and the vSAN network might be isolated from one another. For example, the management network might use vmk0 on physical NIC 0, while the vSAN network uses vmk2 on physical NIC 1 (separate network adapters for two distinct TCP/IP stacks). This configuration implies that the vSAN network has no default gateway.
Consider a vSAN network that is stretched over two data sites on a Layer 2 broadcast domain (for example, 184.108.40.206) and the witness host is on another broadcast domain (for example, 172.30.0.0). If the VMkernel adapters on a data site try to connect to the vSAN network on the witness host, the connection fails because the default gateway on the ESXi host is associated with the management network. There is no route from the management network to the vSAN network.
You can use static routes to resolve this issue. Define a new routing entry that indicates which path to follow to reach a particular network. For a vSAN network on a stretched cluster, you can add static routes to ensure proper communication across all hosts.
For example, you can add a static route to the hosts on each data site, so requests to reach the 172.30.0.0 witness network are routed through the 220.127.116.11 interface. Also add a static route to the witness host so that requests to reach the 18.104.22.168 network for the data sites are routed through the 172.30.0.0 interface.
Use the esxcli network ip route command to add static routes.