Review and follow the best practices for high availability (HA).

  • Understand what High Availability (HA) provides (or does not provide) before enabling (or disabling)

    Enabling HA requires double the resources, as data is stored redundantly in two nodes as opposed to only on one node when HA is disabled. Since the data is being stored in two nodes, this limits the total capacity by approximately 50%.

    For example, a deployment of extra-large nodes will support the maximum number of objects:

    vRealize Operations

    Number of XL nodes

    HA Disabled

    HA Enabled

    vRealize Operations 8.1

    8

    320,000

    180,000

    vRealize Operations 8.0

    6

    240,000

    120,000

    vRealize Operations Manager 7.5, 7.0

    6

    240,000

    120,000

  • HA will allow losing only one data node for the cluster to remain functional

    It is important to understand and weigh the cost of the extra resources to the benefits that HA provides.

  • Enable HA only after all nodes in the cluster have been added and are online

    Add all data nodes to the cluster before enabling HA. On new deployments, add data nodes to build the cluster to fit the appropriate sizing and then enable HA. If you are adding new data nodes to an existing cluster, add as many data nodes as necessary, then enable HA. The goal is to minimize the number of times you enable HA; the process to enable HA can be very disruptive so perform only when necessary.

  • Deploy all analytics nodes for a single vRealize Operations cluster in the same data center

    It is required to have all analytics nodes in the same data center to ensure latency requirements are consistently met for providing efficient cross node communication and optimal cluster performance.

  • Deploy analytics cluster nodes on separate hosts for redundancy and isolation

    If possible, establish a 1:1 mapping for nodes to hosts. This will protect the cluster if one host goes down, then only one node is lost, and the cluster remains functional. If it is not possible to establish a 1:1 mapping for nodes to host, make sure to separate the master node and master replica node on different hosts. This will safeguard the cluster if one of these hosts were to go down.

  • Use anti-affinity rules that keep nodes on specific hosts in the vSphere cluster

    To keep nodes separately on different hosts, use anti-affinity rules to prevent grouping of nodes on specific hosts. The idea is to prevent multiple nodes from going down if hosted on one node.

  • Name nodes independent of role

    Roles may change for nodes so statically naming a node a specific name may be confusing. For example, a node named ‘Master’ may no longer be the actual master node after promoting the replica node. This will avoid user confusion associated with poor naming convention.

  • HA is not a substitute for a backup and recovery (B and R) plan

    HA allows the cluster to remain functional only when one node is lost so a separate backup and recovery solution must be used. See vRealize Suite Documentation for supported backup utilities and procedures.

  • HA is not a Disaster Recovery (DR) strategy

    HA for vRealize Operations is not a disaster recovery mechanism, so a separate DR solution must be used. See the vRealize Suite Documentation. HA will allow the cluster to continue running if either the master node, the replica node, or one data node fails. The entire cluster does not recover if multiple nodes fail at the same time.

  • Hosts need to be on the same storage

    For performance and consistency, use of the same storage is required.