vRealize Operations collects capacity, device, and summary metrics for datastore objects.
Capacity metrics can be calculated for datastore objects. See Capacity Analytics Generated Metrics.
Capacity Metrics for Datastores
Capacity metrics provide information about datastore capacity.
|Capacity|Available Space (GB)||This metric shows the amount of free space that a datastore has available.
Use this metric to know how much storage space is unused on the datastore. Try to avoid having too little free disk space in order to accommodate unexpected storage growth on the datastore. The exact size of the datastore is based on company policy.
|Capacity|Provisioned (GB)||This metric shows the amount of storage that was allocated to the virtual machines.
Use this metric to know how much storage space is being used on the datastore.
Check the metric trend to identify spikes or abnormal growth.
|Capacity|Total Capacity (GB)||This metric shows the overall size of the datastore.
Use this metric to know the total capacity of the datastore.
Typically the size of the datastore should not be too small. VMFS datastore size has grown over the years as virtualization matures and larger virtual machines are now onboard. Ensure that the size can handle enough virtual machines to avoid datastore sprawl. A best practice is to use 5 TB for VMFS and more for vSAN.
|Capacity|Used Space (GB)||This metric shows the amount of storage that is being used on the datastore.
|Capacity|Workload (%)||Capacity workload.
|Capacity|Uncommitted Space (GB)||Uncommitted space in gigabytes.
|Capacity|Total Provisioned Consumer Space||Total Provisioned Consumer Space.
|Capacity|Used Space (%)||This metric shows the amount of storage that is being used on the datastore.
Use this metric to know the percentage of storage space being used on the datastore.
When using this metric, verify that you have at least 20% of free storage. Less than this, and you might experience problems when a snapshot is not deleted. If you have more than 50% free storage space, you are not utilizing your storage in the best possible way.
Device Metrics for Datastores
Device metrics provide information about device performance.
|Devices|Bus Resets||This metric shows the number of bus resets in the performance interval.
|Devices|Commands Aborted||This metric shows the number of disk commands canceled in the performance interval.
|Devices|Commands Issued||This metric shows the number of disk commands issued in the performance interval.
|Devices|Read Latency (ms)||This metric shows the average time taken for a read from the perspective of a guest operating system. This metric is the sum of the Kernel Disk Read Latency and Physical Device Read Latency metrics.
|Devices|Kernel Disk Read Latency (ms)||Average time spent in ESX host VM Kernel per read.
|Devices|Kernel Write Latency (ms)||Average time spent in ESX Server VM Kernel per write.
|Devices|Physical Device Read Latency (ms)||Average time taken to complete a read from the physical device.
|Devices|Queue Write Latency (ms)||Average time spent in the ESX Server VM Kernel queue per write.
|Devices|Physical Device Write Latency (ms)||Average time taken to complete a write from the physical disk.
Datastore Metrics for Datastores
Datastore metrics provide information about datastore use.
|Datastore|Total Latency (ms)||This metric shows the adjusted read and write latency at the datastore level. Adjusted means that the latency is taking into account the number of IOs. If your IO is read-dominated, the combined value is influenced by the reads.
This is the average of all the VMs running in the datastore. Because it is an average, some VMs logically experience higher latency that the value shown by this metric. To see the worst latency experienced by any VM, use the Maximum VM Disk Latency metric.Use this metric to see the performance of the datastore. It is one of two key performance indicators for a datastore, the other being the Max Read Latency. The combination of Maximum and Average gives better insight into how well the datastore is coping with the demand.
The number should be lower than the performance you expect.
|Datastore|Total Throughput (KBps)||Average use in kilobytes per second.
|Datastore|Read Latency (ms||Average amount of time for a read operation from the datastore. Total latency = kernel latency + device latency.
|Datastore|Write Latency (ms)||Average amount of time for a write operation to the datastore. Total latency = kernel latency + device latency.
|Datastore|Outstanding IO requests||OIO for datastore.
|Datastore|Read IOPS||This metric displays the average number of read commands issued per second during the collection interval.
Use this metric when the total IOPS is higher than expected. See if the metric is read or write dominated. This helps determine the cause of the high IOPS. Certain workloads such as backups, anti-virus scans, and Windows updates carry a Read/Write pattern. For example, an anti-virus scan is heavy on read since it is mostly reading the file system.
|Datastore|Write IOPS||This metric displays the average number of write commands issued per second during the collection interval.
Use this metric when the total IOPS is higher than expected. Drill down to see if the metric is read or write dominated. This helps determine the cause of the high IOPS. Certain workloads such as backups, anti-virus scans, and Windows updates carry a Read/Write pattern. For example, an anti-virus scan is heavy on read since it is mostly reading the file system.
|Datastore|Read Throughput (KBps)||This metric displays the amount of data read in the performance interval.
|Datastore|Write Throughput (KBps)||This metric displays the amount of data written to disk in the performance interval.
About Datastore Metrics for Virtual SAN
The metric named datastore|oio|workload is not supported on Virtual SAN datastores. This metric depends on datastore|demand_oio, which is supported for Virtual SAN datastores.
The metric named datastore|demand_oio also depends on several other metrics for Virtual SAN datastores, one of which is not supported.
- The metrics named devices|numberReadAveraged_average and devices|numberWriteAveraged_average are supported.
- The metric named devices|totalLatency_average is not supported.
As a result, vRealize Operations Manager does not collect the metric named datastore|oio|workload for Virtual SAN datastores.
Disk Space Metrics for Datastores
Disk space metrics provide information about disk space use.
|Diskspace|Number of Virtual Disk||Number of virtual disks.
|Diskspace|Provisioned Space (GB)||Provisioned space in gigabytes.
|Diskspace|Shared Used (GB)||Shared used space in gigabytes.
|Diskspace|Snapshot Space (GB)||This metric shows the amount of space taken by snapshots on a given database.
Use this metric to know how much storage space is being used by virtual machine snapshots on the datastore.
Check that the snapshot is using 0 GB or minimal space. Anything over 1 GB should trigger a warning. The actual value depends on how IO intensive the virtual machines in the datastore are. Run a DT on them to detect anomaly. Clear the snapshot within 24 hours, preferably when you have finished backing up, or patching.
|Diskspace|Virtual Disk Used (GB)||Virtual disk used space in gigabytes.
|Diskspace|Virtual machine used (GB)||Virtual machine used space in gigabytes.
|Diskspace|Total disk space used||Total disk space used on all datastores visible to this object.
|Diskspace|Total disk space||Total disk space on all datastores visible to this object.
|Diskspace|Total used (GB)||Total used space in gigabytes.
|Diskspace|Swap File Space (GB)||Swap file space in gigabytes.
|Diskspace|Other VM Space (GB)||Other virtual machine space in gigabytes.
|Diskspace|Freespace (GB)||Unused space available on datastore.
|Diskspace|Capacity (GB)||Total capacity of datastore in gigabytes.
|Diskspace|Overhead||Amount of disk space that is overhead.
Summary Metrics for Datastores
Summary metrics provide information about overall performance.
|Summary|Number of Hosts||This metric shows the number of hosts that the datastore is connected to.
Use this metric to know how many clusters the datastore is attached to.
The number should not be too high, as a datastore should not be mounted by every host. The datastore and cluster should be paired to keep operations simple.
|Summary|Total Number of VMs||This metric shows the number of virtual machines which save their VMDK files on the datastore. If a VM has four VMDKs stored in four datastores, the VM is counted on each datastore.
Use this metric to know how many VMs have at least one VMDK on a specific datastore.
The number of VMs should be within your Concentration Risk policy.
You should also expect the datastore to be well used. If only a few VMs are using the datastore, this is not considered a good use.
|Summary|Maximum Number of VMs||Maximum number of virtual machines.
|Summary|Workload Indicator||Workload indicator.
|Summary|Number of Clusters||This metric shows the number of clusters that the datastore is connected to.
|Summary|Number of VM Templates||Number of VM Templates.
Key: Summary|Number of VM Templates
Template Metrics for Datastores
|Template|Virtual Machine used||Space used by virtual machine files.
|Template|Access Time||Last access time.
Cost Metrics for Datastores
Cost metrics provides information about the cost.
|Monthly Disk Space Base Rate||Disk space base rate for datastore displays the cost of 1 GB storage.
|Monthly Total Cost|| Monthly total cost, computed by multiplying datastore capacity with monthly storage rate.
|Cost|Allocation|Disk Space Base Rate (Currency)|| Monthly storage rate for datastore displays the cost of 1 GB storage when the overcommit ratio is set in policy.
|Cost|Allocation|Monthly Datastore Allocated Cost(Currency/Month)||Monthly allocated cost as compared to the total cost of the datastore|
|Cost|Allocation|Monthly Datastore Unallocated Cost(Currency/Month)||Monthly unallocated cost as compared to the total cost of the datastore.|
Reclaimable metrics provide information about reclaimable resources.
|Reclaimable|Orphaned Disks|Disk Space (GB)||Summary of storage used by all orphaned VMDKs on the datastore.
|Reclaimable|Orphaned Disks|Potential Savings (Currency)|| Potential saving after reclamation of storage by removing orphaned VMDks from the datastore.
Disabled Instanced Metrics
The instance metrics created for the following metrics are disabled in this version of vRealize Operations . This means that these metrics collect data by default but all the instanced metrics created for these metrics, do not collect data by default.
|Devices|Kernel Latency (ms)|
|Devices|Number of Running Hosts|
|Devices|Number of Running VMs|
|Devices|Physical Device Latency (ms)|
|Devices|Queue Latency (ms)|
|Devices|Queue Read Latency (ms)|
|Devices|Read Latency (ms)|
|Devices|Read Throughput (KBps)|
|Devices|Total Latency (ms)|
|Devices|Total Throughput (KBps)|
|Devices|Write Latency (ms)|
|Devices|Write Throughput (KBps)|
The following metrics are disabled in this version of vRealize Operations . This means that they do not collect data by default.
You can enable these metrics in the Policy workspace. For more information, in VMware Docs search for Collect Metrics and Properties Details.
|Capacity|Data Store Capacity Contention (%)||capacity|contention|
|Datastore I/O|Demand Indicator||datastore|demand_indicator|
|Datastore I/O|Max Observed Number of Outstanding IO Operations||datastore|maxObserved_OIO|
|Datastore I/O|Max Observed Read Latency (msec)||datastore|maxObserved_Read|
|Datastore I/O|Max Observed Read Latency (msec)||datastore|maxObserved_ReadLatency|
|Datastore I/O|Max Observed||datastore|maxObserved_NumberRead|
|Datastore I/O|Max Observed Write Latency (msec)||datastore|maxObserved_Write|
|Datastore I/O|Max Observed Write Latency (msec)||datastore|maxObserved_WriteLatency|
|Datastore I/O|Max Observed Writes per second||datastore|maxObserved_NumberWrite|
|Datastore|Demand Indicator||Demand Indicator.
|Diskspace|Not Shared (GB)||Unshared space in gigabytes.