다음 샘플 스크립트를 사용자 지정 및 사용하여 구성 파일 configviewagent-custom.conf를 여러 Linux VM(가상 시스템)에 업로드할 수 있습니다. 이 스크립트에서는 SSH를 사용하여 Linux VM에서 명령을 실행할 수 있습니다.

페이지 구분 없이 스크립트 내용을 복사한 후 붙여넣으려면 https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/view_pubs.htmlHorizon 7 설명서 페이지에서 이 항목의 HTML 버전을 사용하십시오.

스크립트 입력

이 스크립트는 Linux 데스크톱 배포를 위한 샘플 PowerCLI 스크립트의 입력 파일에 설명된 단일 입력 파일을 읽습니다. 이 스크립트는 또한 다음 정보를 대화형으로 요청합니다.

  • vCenter Server의 IP 주소

  • vCenter Server의 관리자 로그인 이름

  • vCenter Server의 관리자 암호

  • Linux VM의 사용자 로그인 이름

  • Linux VM의 사용자 암호

스크립트 내용

<#
Upload the configuration files config and viewagent-custom.conf to Linux VMs using SSH
#>
#------------------------- Functions -------------------------
function GetInput
{
    Param($prompt, $IsPassword = $false)
    $prompt = $prompt + ": "
    Write-Host $prompt -NoNewLine
    [Console]::ForegroundColor = "Blue"
    if ($IsPassword)
    {
        $input = Read-Host -AsSecureString
        $input = [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStringAuto([Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SecureStringToBSTR($input))
    }
    else
    {
        $input = Read-Host
    }
    
    [Console]::ResetColor()
    return $input
}
function Check_SSH_Client
{
    Param($IsPlink, $IsPSCP)
    if ($IsPlink)
    {
        if (Test-Path ".\plink.exe")
        {
          write-host  -ForeGroundColor Yellow 'SSH client "plink.exe" found'
        }   
        else
        {
          write-host  -ForeGroundColor Red 'SSH client "plink.exe" not found, please download from its official web site'
          exit
        }
    }    
    if ($IsPSCP)
    {
        if (Test-Path ".\pscp.exe")
        {
          write-host  -ForeGroundColor Yellow 'SSH client "pscp.exe" found'
        }   
        else
        {
          write-host  -ForeGroundColor Red 'SSH client "pscp.exe" not found, please download from its official web site'
          exit
        }
    } 
}

function RunCmdViaSSH
{
    Param($VM_Name, $User, $Password, $Cmd, $returnOutput = $false)
    
    $VM= Get-VM $VM_Name
    $IP = $VM.guest.IPAddress[0]
    write-host "Run cmd on $VM_Name ($IP)"
    if($returnOutput)
    {
        $command = "echo yes | .\plink.exe -ssh -l $user -pw $password $IP " + '"' + $cmd +'"'
        $output = Invoke-Expression $command
        return $output    
    }
    else
    {
        echo yes | .\plink.exe -ssh -l $user -pw $password $IP "$cmd"
    }
    
}

function UploadFileViaSSH
{
    Param($VM_Name, $User, $Password, $LocalPath, $DestPath)
    
    $VM= Get-VM $VM_Name
    $IP = $VM.guest.IPAddress[0]
    $command = "echo yes | .\pscp.exe -l $User -pw $Password $LocalPath $IP" + ":" + "$DestPath"
    write-host "Upload file: $command"
    Invoke-Expression $command
}

#------------------------- Handle Input -------------------------
"-----------------------------------------------------"
Check_SSH_Client -IsPlink $true -IsPSCP $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"
write-host  -ForeGroundColor Blue 'Please ensure your config file and viewagent-custom.conf file are in current working directory'
$vcAddress = GetInput -prompt "Your vCenter address" -IsPassword $false
$vcAdmin = GetInput -prompt "Your vCenter admin user name" -IsPassword $false
$vcPassword = GetInput -prompt "Your vCenter admin user password" -IsPassword $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$guestUser = GetInput -prompt 'Your VM guest OS user name' -IsPassword $false
$guestPassword = GetInput -prompt 'Your VM guest OS user password' -IsPassword $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"

$csvFile = '.\CloneVMs.csv'
$setConfig = $false
$setCustomConf = $false 
$config_File = "config"
$customConf_File = "viewagent-custom.conf"

#check if config file exists
if(Test-Path $config_File)
{
    $setConfig = $true
    write-host  -ForeGroundColor Yellow '"config" file found'
}
else
{
    write-host  -ForeGroundColor Yellow '"config" file not found, skip it'
}      

if(Test-Path $customConf_File)
{
    $setCustomConf = $true
    write-host  -ForeGroundColor Yellow '"viewagent-custom.conf" file found'
}
else
{
    write-host  -ForeGroundColor Yellow '"viewagent-custom.conf" file not found, skip it'
} 

if (($setConfig -eq $false)-AND ($setCustomConf -eq $false))
{
    write-host  -ForeGroundColor Red 'Both file not found, exit'
    exit
}

#Connect to vCenter
$VC_Conn_State = Connect-VIServer $vcAddress -user $vcAdmin -password $vcPassword
if([string]::IsNullOrEmpty($VC_Conn_State))
{
   Write-Host 'Exit since failed to login vCenter'
   exit
}
else
{
  Write-Host 'vCenter is connected'
}

#Read input CSV file
$csvData = Import-CSV $csvFile

$destFolder = "/home/$guestUser/"

#Handle VMs one by one
foreach ($line in $csvData)
{
    "`n-----------------------------------------------------"
    $VMName = $line.VMName
    write-host -ForeGroundColor Yellow "VM: $VMName`n"
    
    #Try to delete the configuration file from home folder on destination VM
    $cmd = "rm -rf config viewagent-custom.conf"
    Write-Host "Run cmd '$cmd' in VM '$VMName' with user '$guestUser'"
    RunCmdViaSSH -VM_Name $VMName -User $guestUser -Password $guestPassword -Cmd $cmd  
    
    if ($setConfig)
    {
    Write-Host "Upload File '$config_File' to '$destFolder' of VM '$VMName' with user '$guestUser'"
    UploadFileViaSSH -VM_Name $VMName -User $guestUser -Password $guestPassword -LocalPath $config_File -DestPath $destFolder

    $cmd = "sudo mv ./$config_File /etc/vmware/";
    Write-Host "Move configuraton file: $cmd"
    RunCmdViaSSH -VM_Name $VMName -User $guestUser -Password $guestPassword -Cmd $cmd
    }
    
    if ($setCustomConf)
    {
    Write-Host "Upload File '$customConf_File' to '$destFolder' of VM '$VMName' with user '$guestUser'"
    UploadFileViaSSH -VM_Name $VMName -User $guestUser -Password $guestPassword -LocalPath $customConf_File -DestPath $destFolder
    
    $cmd = "sudo mv ./$customConf_File /etc/vmware/";
    Write-Host "Move configuraton file: $cmd"
    RunCmdViaSSH -VM_Name $VMName -User $guestUser -Password $guestPassword -Cmd $cmd
    }  
}
Disconnect-VIServer $vcAddress -Confirm:$false
exit

스크립트 실행

스크립트를 실행하면 다음 메시지가 표시됩니다.

PowerCLI C:\scripts> .\UpdateOptionFile.ps1
--------------------------------------------------
Please ensure your config file and view-agent.conf file are in current working directory.
Your vCenter address: 10.117.44.17
Your vCenter admin user name: administrator
Your vCenter admin user password: *******
--------------------------------------------------
Your VM guest OS user name: ViewUser
Your VM guest OS user password: *******