다음 샘플 스크립트를 사용자 지정한 후 사용하여 여러 Linux VM(가상 시스템)에서 Horizon Agent를 업그레이드할 수 있습니다.

이 스크립트에서는 Horizon Agent를 설치하기 전에 각 VM에 설치 관리자 tar ball을 업로드합니다. 업로드 작업은 시간이 오래 걸릴 수 있으며, 관련된 VM의 수가 많고 네트워크 속도가 느린 경우에는 특히 더 그렇습니다. 시간을 절약하려는 경우에는 SSH를 사용하는 스크립트를 실행하거나 파일을 업로드할 필요가 없도록 각 VM에서 사용할 수 있는 공유 위치에 설치 관리자 tar ball을 넣을 수 있습니다.

페이지 구분 없이 스크립트 내용을 복사한 후 붙여넣으려면 https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/view_pubs.htmlHorizon 7 설명서 페이지에서 이 항목의 HTML 버전을 사용하십시오.

스크립트 입력

이 스크립트는 Linux 데스크톱 배포를 위한 샘플 PowerCLI 스크립트의 입력 파일에 설명된 단일 입력 파일을 읽습니다. 이 스크립트는 또한 다음 정보를 대화형으로 요청합니다.

  • Horizon Agent EULA(최종 사용자 라이센스 계약) 수락

  • vCenter Server의 IP 주소

  • vCenter Server의 관리자 로그인 이름

  • vCenter Server의 관리자 암호

  • ESXi 호스트의 관리자 로그인 이름

  • ESXi 호스트의 관리자 암호

  • Linux 게스트 운영 체제의 사용자 로그인 이름

  • Linux 게스트 운영 체제의 사용자 암호

  • Horizon Agent tar ball 경로

  • 관리되는 VM으로 업그레이드

  • 스마트 카드 리디렉션 기능 설치

스크립트 내용

<#
Upload the Linux Agent installer tar ball and re-install
#>

#-----------------------------------------------------Functions------------------------------------------------------------------
function GetInput
{
    Param($prompt, $IsPassword = $false)
    $prompt = $prompt + ": "
    Write-Host $prompt -NoNewLine
    [Console]::ForegroundColor = "Blue"
    if ($IsPassword)
    {
        $input = Read-Host -AsSecureString
        $input = [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStringAuto([Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SecureStringToBSTR($input))
    }
    else
    {
        $input = Read-Host
    }
    
    [Console]::ResetColor()
    return $input
}
#-----------------------------------------------------Handle input-------------------------------------------------------------------
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$acceptEULA = GetInput -prompt 'Accept Linux View Agent EULA in tar bundle ("yes" or "no")' -IsPassword $false
if ($acceptEULA -ne "yes")
{
	write-host  -ForeGroundColor Red "You need accept the EULA with 'yes'(case sensitive)"
	exit
}
$vcAddress = GetInput -prompt "Your vCenter address" -IsPassword $false
$vcAdmin = GetInput -prompt "Your vCenter admin user name" -IsPassword $false
$vcPassword = GetInput -prompt "Your vCenter admin user password" -IsPassword $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$hostAdmin = GetInput -prompt 'Your ESXi host admin user name, such as root' -IsPassword $false
$hostPassword = GetInput -prompt "Your ESXi admin user password" -IsPassword $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$guestUser = GetInput -prompt 'Your VM guest OS user name' -IsPassword $false
$guestPassword = GetInput -prompt 'Your VM guest OS user password' -IsPassword $true
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$agentInstaller = GetInput -prompt 'Type the View Agent tar ball path' -IsPassword $false
"-----------------------------------------------------"
$UpgradeToManagedVM = GetInput -prompt 'Upgrade to managed VM ("yes" or "no")' -IsPassword $false
if (($UpgradeToManagedVM -ne "yes") -AND $UpgradeToManagedVM -ne "no")
{
	write-host  -ForeGroundColor Red "You need select 'yes' or 'no'(case sensitive)"
	exit
}
$installSmartcard = GetInput -prompt 'Install the Smartcard redirection feature ("yes" or "no")' -IsPassword $false
if (($installSmartcard -ne "yes") -AND $installSmartcard -ne "no")
{
	write-host  -ForeGroundColor Red "You need select 'yes' or 'no'(case sensitive)"
	exit
}
"-----------------------------------------------------"

#$csvFile = Read-Host 'Csv File '
$csvFile = '.\CloneVMs.csv'

#check if file exists
if (!(Test-Path $agentInstaller))
{
write-host  -ForeGroundColor Red "installer File not found"
exit
}

#check if file exists
if (!(Test-Path $csvFile))
{
write-host  -ForeGroundColor Red "CSV File not found"
exit
}
#-----------------------------------------------------Functions------------------------------------------------------------------
function GetSourceInstallerMD5()
{
    $agentInstallerPath = Convert-Path $agentInstaller;
    $md5 = New-Object -TypeName System.Security.Cryptography.MD5CryptoServiceProvider;
    $md5HashWithFormat = [System.BitConverter]::ToString($md5.ComputeHash([System.IO.File]::ReadAllBytes($agentInstallerPath)));
    $md5Hash = ($md5HashWithFormat.replace("-","")).ToLower();
    return $md5Hash;
}

#-----------------------------------------------------Main------------------------------------------------------------------
#Get installer MD5Sum
$installerMD5Hash = GetSourceInstallerMD5;

#Connect to vCenter
$VC_Conn_State = Connect-VIServer $vcAddress -user $vcAdmin -password $vcPassword
if([string]::IsNullOrEmpty($VC_Conn_State))
{
   Write-Host 'Exit since failed to login vCenter'
   exit
}
else
{
  Write-Host 'vCenter is connected'
}

#Read input CSV file
$csvData = Import-CSV $csvFile

$destFolder = "/home/$guestUser/"

#Handle VMs one by one
foreach ($line in $csvData)
{
    "`n-----------------------------------------------------"
    $VMName = $line.VMName
    write-host -ForeGroundColor Yellow "VM: $VMName`n"
    
    $cmd = "rm -rf VMware-*-linux-*"
    Write-Host "Run cmd '$cmd' in VM '$VMName' with user '$guestUser'"
    Invoke-VMScript  -HostUser $hostAdmin -HostPassword $hostPassword -VM $VMName -GuestUser $guestUser -GuestPassword $guestPassword -Confirm:$false -ScriptType Bash -ScriptText $cmd
 
    #Upload installer tar ball to Linux VM
    Write-Host "Upload File '$agentInstaller' to '$destFolder' of VM '$VMName' with user '$guestUser'"
    Copy-VMGuestFile -HostUser $hostAdmin -HostPassword $hostPassword -VM $VMName -GuestUser $guestUser -GuestPassword $guestPassword -Confirm:$false -LocalToGuest -Destination $destFolder -Source $agentInstaller

    #Check the uploaded installer md5sum
    $cmd = "md5sum VMware-*-linux-*"
    Write-Host "Run cmd '$cmd' in VM '$VMName' with user '$guestUser'"
    $output = Invoke-VMScript  -HostUser $hostAdmin -HostPassword $hostPassword -VM $VMName -GuestUser $guestUser -GuestPassword $guestPassword -Confirm:$false -ScriptType Bash -ScriptText $cmd

    if($output.Contains($installerMD5Hash))
    {
        Write-Host $VMName": Uploaded installer's MD5Sum matches the local installer's MD5Sum";
        Write-Host $VMName": Extract the installer and do installation";        
        $cmd = "tar -xzvf VMware-*-linux-*.tar.gz"
        Write-Host "Run cmd '$cmd' in VM '$VMName' with user '$guestUser'"
        Invoke-VMScript  -HostUser $hostAdmin -HostPassword $hostPassword -VM $VMName -GuestUser $guestUser -GuestPassword $guestPassword -Confirm:$false -ScriptType Bash -ScriptText $cmd
 
        $cmd = "sudo setenforce 0";
        Write-Host "Set the selinux to permissive mode: $cmd"
        Invoke-VMScript  -HostUser $hostAdmin -HostPassword $hostPassword -VM $VMName -GuestUser $guestUser -GuestPassword $guestPassword -Confirm:$false -ScriptType Bash -ScriptText $cmd

        $cmd = "sudo killall /usr/lib/vmware/viewagent/VMwareBlastServer/VMwareBlastServer"
        Write-Host "Stop VMwareBlastServer before upgrading: $cmd"
        Invoke-VMScript  -HostUser $hostAdmin -HostPassword $hostPassword -VM $VMName -GuestUser $guestUser -GuestPassword $guestPassword -Confirm:$false -ScriptType Bash -ScriptText $cmd

        #Run the upgrade command.
        $cmd = "cd VMware-*-linux-* && sudo ./install_viewagent.sh -A yes -m $installSmartcard -M $UpgradeToManagedVM"
        Write-Host "Run upgrade cmd in VM '$VMName' with user '$guestUser': $cmd"
        Invoke-VMScript  -HostUser $hostAdmin -HostPassword $hostPassword -VM $VMName -GuestUser $guestUser -GuestPassword $guestPassword -Confirm:$false -ScriptType Bash -ScriptText $cmd
        
        $cmd = "sudo shutdown -r +1&"
        Write-Host "Reboot to apply the View Agent installation"
        Invoke-VMScript  -HostUser $hostAdmin -HostPassword $hostPassword -VM $VMName -GuestUser $guestUser -GuestPassword $guestPassword -Confirm:$false -ScriptType Bash -ScriptText $cmd
    }
    else
    {
        Write-Host $VMName": Uploaded installer's MD5Sum does NOT match the local installer's MD5Sum";
        Write-Host $VMName": Skip the installation. Please check your network and VMware Tools status";
        exit;
    }
}
Disconnect-VIServer $vcAddress -Confirm:$false
exit

스크립트 실행

스크립트를 실행하면 다음 메시지가 표시됩니다.

PowerCLI C:\scripts> .\InstallAgent.ps1
--------------------------------------------------
Accept Linux Horizon Agent EULA in tar bundle ("yes" or "no"): yes
Your vCenter address: 10.117.44.17
Your vCenter admin user name: administrator
Your vCenter admin user password: *******
--------------------------------------------------
Your ESXi host admin user name, such as root: root
Your ESXi host admin user password: *******
--------------------------------------------------
Your VM guest OS user name: ViewUser
Your VM guest OS user password: *******
--------------------------------------------------
Type the Horizon Agent tar ball path. Please take care of the installer arch: .\VMware-viewagent-linux-x86_64-x.y.z-1234567.tar.gz
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Upgrade to managed VM ("yes" or "no"): yes
Install the Smartcard redirection feature ("yes" or "no"): no