You can use RAID 5 or RAID 6 erasure coding to protect against data loss and increase storage efficiency.
Erasure coding can provide the same level of data protection as mirroring (RAID 1), while using less storage capacity. RAID 5 or RAID 6 erasure coding enables vSAN to tolerate the failure of up to two capacity devices in the datastore. You can configure RAID 5 on all-flash clusters with four or more fault domains. You can configure RAID 5 or RAID 6 on all-flash clusters with six or more fault domains.
RAID 5 or RAID 6 erasure coding requires less additional capacity to protect your data than RAID 1 mirroring. For example, a VM protected by a Failures to tolerate value of 1 with RAID 1 requires twice the virtual disk size, but with RAID 5 it requires 1.33 times the virtual disk size. The following table shows a general comparison between RAID 1 and RAID 5 or RAID 6.
|RAID Configuration||Failures to Tolerate||Data Size||Capacity Required|
|RAID 1 (mirroring)||1||100 GB||200 GB|
|RAID 5 or RAID 6 (erasure coding) with four fault domains||1||100 GB||133 GB|
|RAID 1 (mirroring)||2||100 GB||300 GB|
|RAID 5 or RAID 6 (erasure coding) with six fault domains||2||100 GB||150 GB|
RAID 5 or RAID 6 erasure coding is a policy attribute that you can apply to virtual machine components. To use RAID 5, set Failure tolerance method to RAID-5/6 (Erasure Coding) and Failures to tolerate to 1. To use RAID 6, set Failure tolerance method to RAID-5/6 (Erasure Coding) and Failures to tolerate to 2. RAID 5 or RAID 6 erasure coding does not support a Failures to tolerate value of 3.
To use RAID 1, set Failure tolerance method to RAID-1 (Mirroring). RAID 1 mirroring requires fewer I/O operations to the storage devices, so it can provide better performance. For example, a cluster resynchronization takes less time to complete with RAID 1.
For more information about configuring policies, see Using vSAN Policies.