您可以使用 VMware vRealize Log Insight 來檢視 NSX-T Data Center 3.2 環境的安全性流量記錄。

以下安全性功能支援流量記錄:
  • TLS 檢查
  • IDPS
  • URL 篩選
注意:NSX-T Data Center 3.2 中,可在技術預覽模式下使用 TLS 檢查和 IDPS。這些功能僅作為實驗用,VMware 不正式提供這些功能的支援。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 《NSX-T Data Center 版本說明》中的〈技術預覽功能〉一節。

統一安全性記錄

所有安全性類別都以統一安全性記錄格式產生統一安全性流量記錄,並儲存在節點上的單一記錄檔中。此單一記錄將匯出至設定給 VMware vRealize Log Insight 的 Syslog 伺服器。然後,VMware vRealize Log Insight 會處理記錄來提供進一步的記錄管理、分析,並使用 NSX-T 內容套件來顯示記錄。

在 vRealize Log Insight 上顯示記錄

NSX-T Data Center 3.2 開始,現有 NSX-T 內容套件中新增「NSX - 統一安全性流量記錄」儀表板。此儀表板顯示圖表 Widget,這些是安全性流量記錄的視覺表示。

VMware vRealize Log Insight 的內容套件是外掛程式。其中包含與特定一個產品或一組記錄相關的儀表板、擷取的欄位、儲存的查詢及警示。

NSX-T 內容套件已在 VMware vRealize Log Insight 市集上推出。

如需有關 VMware vRealize Log Insight 及如何從內容套件市集安裝內容套件的詳細資訊,請參閱《使用 VMware vRealize Log Insight產品文件中的〈從內容套件市集安裝內容套件〉一章。

前 N 個和過去 X 小時

您還可以使用互動式分析和內容套件,查詢 VMware vRealize Log Insight 中的事件,以獲得過去 X 小時的前 N 個資訊。

遠端記錄伺服器

若要將記錄傳送至遠端記錄伺服器,必須分別在每個節點上為 NSX-T Data Center 應用裝置和 Hypervisor 設定遠端記錄。

備註: 若要將記錄傳送至 Syslog 伺服器,您必須確保對 NSX-T Manager 上的特定規則啟用記錄。

如需詳細資訊,請參閱設定遠端記錄

如果遠端記錄伺服器不接收記錄,請參閱對 Syslog 問題進行疑難排解

統一安全性記錄格式

您也可以在 Edge 上的 /var/log/syslog | grep 'unified-logs' 中取得流量記錄。例如,

TLS 檢查:
2021-10-12T09:00:46.192Z nsxedge-18734920-1-mps29 NSX 22621 SYSTEM [nsx@6876 comp="nsx-edge" 
subcomp="tls-proxy" s2comp="unified-logs" level="INFO"] {"event_type": "fw-flow-terminate-log", 
"event_trigger": ["fw-rule-log"], "origin": {"fw_type": "gateway", "fw_uuid": "79427614-4a0d-2692-032c-eb4692f717a9", 
"node_uuid": "ec11a626-f425-3bc2-671d-a656500003b2"}, "flow": {"start": "2021-10-12T09:00:46.723Z", 
"end": "2021-10-12T09:00:46.773Z", "ip_ver": "ipv4", "flow_id": "0x1e0000704f000018", 
"src_ip": "192.168.100.160", "src_port": 25700, "dest_ip": "1.1.5.10", "dest_port": 443, "proto": "TCP", "tcp_flags": "",
"bytes_toserver": 95, "bytes_toclient": 29873, "reason": "FIN-close", "final_action": "PASS"}, "fw": {"action": "PASS", "rule_id": 1002,
"direction": "", "rule_tag": ""}, "http": {"http_method": "", "hostname": "www.facebook.com", "url": "www.facebook.com/benign_pdf1.pdf", "scheme": "", "http_user_agent": "", "status": "",
"site_category": ""SOCIAL_NETWORK"", "site_reputation": "Trustworthy"},"tls_inspection": {"action": "PASS", "rule_id": 1008, "domain": "www.facebook.com", "cert_status": "ok", "tls_version_toserver": "TLSv1.2",
"cipher_to_server": "TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256", "reason": "", "tls_rule_tag": "TLS External Rule"}, "idps": {"action": "PASS", "rule_id": 1007,
"ids_profile_id": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000", "alert_event": ["SOCIAL_NETWORK"], "protocol_event": ["http"]}, "app_id": {"app": ""APP_HTTP", "APP_FACEBOOK", "APP_SSL""}
IDPS:
2021-11-11T04:07:37.489Z nsxedge-18866667-2-NAT-fc-3-nov NSX 27330 SYSTEM [nsx@6876 comp="nsx-edge" subcomp="datapathd" s2comp="unified-logs" level="INFO"]
 {"event_type": "fw-flow-terminate-log", "event_trigger": ["ids-rule-log"], "origin": {"fw_type": "gateway", "fw_uuid": "544ee558-fad0-e624-019f-e8e3e0472c91", 
"node_uuid": "dabf16c9-ec11-833c-0c00-8c832f771729"}, "flow": {"start": "2021-11-11T04:07:07.000Z", "end": "2021-11-11T04:07:37.000Z",
"ip_ver": "ipv4", "flow_id": "0xd44d00306e0a0004", "src_ip": "1.1.1.10", "src_port": 35714, "dest_ip": "10.142.7.1", "dest_port": 53,
"proto": "UDP", "tcp_flags": "FPW", "bytes_toserver": 297878, "bytes_toclient": 71, "pkts_toserver": 71, "pkts_toclient": 1, 
"reason": "FIN-close", "final_action": "PASS"}, "fw": {"action": "PASS", "rule_id": 2025, "direction": "", "rule_tag": ""},
"l7profile": {"entry_id": "00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000", "action": "PASS"}, 
"http": {"http_method": "", "hostname": "", "url": "", "scheme": "", "http_user_agent": "", "status": "", "site_category": "", 
"site_reputation": "UNKNOWN"}, "idps": {"action": "IDP_DETECT", "rule_id": 2028, "ids_profile_id": "9872e27a-ead4-4c93-af5f-4df1ec0c73e1", 
"alert_event": [], "protocol_event": []}, "app_id": {"app": ""APP_DNS""}}
URL 篩選:
2021-11-08T08:30:59.208Z nsxedge-18866667-2-NAT-fc-3-nov NSX 9495 SYSTEM [nsx@6876 comp="nsx-edge" subcomp="datapathd" s2comp="unified-logs" level="INFO"]
{"event_type": "fw-flow-terminate-log", "event_trigger": ["fw-rule-log"], "origin": {"fw_type": "gateway", "fw_uuid": "544ee558-fad0-e624-019f-e8e3e0472c91",
"node_uuid": "dabf16c9-ec11-833c-0c00-8c832f771729"}, "flow": {"start": "2021-11-08T08:30:57.000Z", "end": "2021-11-08T08:30:59.000Z",
"ip_ver": "ipv4", "flow_id": "0x4001006c04000000", "src_ip": "1.1.1.10", "src_port": 43600, "dest_ip": "13.226.234.18", 
"dest_port": 80, "proto": "TCP", "tcp_flags": "FREW", "bytes_toserver": 54968, "bytes_toclient": 444, 
"pkts_toserver": 444, "pkts_toclient": 7, "reason": "FIN-close", "final_action": "PASS"}, "fw": {"action": "PASS", "rule_id": 1004, "direction": "",
"rule_tag": ""}, "l7profile": {"entry_id": "e9580107-2749-471c-be82-715d530bf4d4", "action": "PASS"},
"http": {"http_method": "", "hostname": "", "url": "espn.com/", "scheme": "", "http_user_agent": "", "status": "",
"site_category": ""SPORTS"", "site_reputation": "TRUSTWORTHY"}, "app_id": {"app": ""APP_HTTP", "APP_ESPN""}}