Starting with version 10.2.2, you can configure the VMware Cloud Director appliance to use FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules and to run in FIPS-compliant mode.
The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 140-2 is a U.S. and Canadian government standard that specifies security requirements for cryptographic modules. The NIST Cryptographic Module Validation Program (CMVP) validates the cryptographic modules compliant with the FIPS 140-2 standards.
The goal of VMware Cloud Director FIPS support is to ease the compliance and security activities in various regulated environments. To learn more about support for FIPS 140-2 in VMware products, see https://www.vmware.com/security/certifications/fips.html.
VMware Cloud Director FIPS-validated cryptography is deactivated by default. By activating FIPS mode, you configure VMware Cloud Director to use FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules and to run in FIPS-compliant mode.
VMware Cloud Director uses the following FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules:
- VMware’s BC-FJA (Bouncy Castle FIPS Java API), version 18.104.22.168: Certificate #3673
- VMware’s OpenSSL FIPS Object Module, version 2.0.20-vmw: Certificate #3857
- Appliance FIPS mode is the mode of the underlying appliance OS, embedded database, and various system libraries.
- Cell FIPS mode is the mode of the VMware Cloud Director cell running on each appliance.
For activating and deactivating FIPS mode on VMware Cloud Director on Linux, see Enable FIPS Mode on the Cells in the Server Group.
- If metrics collection is activated, verify that the Cassandra certificates follow the X.509 v3 certificate standard and include all the necessary extensions. You must configure Cassandra with the same cipher suites that VMware Cloud Director uses. For information about the allowed SSL ciphers, see Managing the List of Allowed SSL Ciphers.
- If you want to use SAML encryption, you must regenerate one of the key pairs for the existing organizations and re-exchange the SAML metadata. Organizations created with VMware Cloud Director 10.2.x and earlier, have two identical key pairs and you must regenerate one of the key pairs. Organizations created with VMware Cloud Director 10.3 and later have two distinct key pairs and you do not need to regenerate any of them.
- From the top navigation bar of the Service Provider Admin Portal, select Administration.
- In the left panel, under Settings, select SSL.
- Activate or deactivate FIPS mode on the cells in the server group.
Option Description Activate
- Click Enable.
- Confirm that your system meets all FIPS requirements and you want to start the process, and click Enable.
- Click Disable.
- Confirm that you understand that you must restart the cells for FIPS mode to be deactivated, and click Disable.
When the configuration finishes, VMware Cloud Director displays an Enable in Progress (Awaiting cells restart) or Disable in Progress (Awaiting cells restart) message, and you can continue to step 4. When you activate or deactivate FIPS mode from the appliance management UI, the VMware Cloud Director appliance automatically restarts the cells.
- Log in as root to the appliance management UI at https://appliance_eth1_IP_address:5480.
- In the left panel, select the System Configuration tab.
- To turn on or turn off the appliance FIPS mode, click the Enable or Disable button for the node you are logged into.
You can turn on or turn off the appliance FIPS mode only on the node you are logged into.
- Confirm the action and verify that FIPS mode is activated or deactivated successfully.
- Repeat step 4 to step 7 for each appliance, for example, primary, standby, and application types.