After you configure Site Recovery Manager at the protected and recovery sites, you can create, test, and run a recovery plan.
A recovery plan is like an automated run book. It controls every step of the recovery process, including the order in which Site Recovery Manager powers on and powers off virtual machines, the network addresses that recovered virtual machines use, and so on. Recovery plans are flexible and customizable.
A recovery plan includes one or more protection groups. You can include a protection group in more than one recovery plan. For example, you can create one recovery plan to handle a planned migration of services from the protected site to the recovery site for the whole organization, and another set of plans per individual departments. In this example, having these different recovery plans referencing one protection group allows you to decide how to perform recovery.
You can run only one recovery plan at a time to recover a particular protection group. If you test or run a recovery plan with a replication group that is shared in other recovery plans, the other recovery plans change the state of the protection group to Protection Group In Use and you cannot run them.